assume vs presume

assume presume

Definitions

  • 1) To adopt an idea or cause.
  • 2) To take on a position, duty or form.
  • 3) To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof.
  • 4) take up someone's soul into heaven
  • 5) occupy or take on
  • 6) To take upon one's self; undertake: as, to assume the responsibility of a proceeding; to assume office; to assume an obligation.
  • 7) Synonyms To affect, feign, counterfeit.
  • 8) To take into relation or association; adopt; take in; admit: as, “Enoch and Elias were assumed up into heaven,” Abp. Abbot. See assumption, 5.
  • 9) To be arrogant; claim more than is due; presume.
  • 10) Toclaim.
  • 11) To take for granted or without proof; suppose as a fact; postulate: as, to assume a principle in reasoning.
  • 12) To claim.
  • 13) To take fictitiously; pretend to possess; take in appearance: as, to assume the garb of humility.
  • 14) To apply to one's self; appropriate.
  • 15) To take or put on one's self; invest one's self with: as, to assume the garb of a mendicant, or the figure of an animal; to assume a severe aspect; “to assume man's nature,”
  • 16) To make a supposition; suppose or believe.
  • 17) To take for granted; suppose.
  • 18) To take up or receive into heaven.
  • 19) To undertake the duties of (an office).
  • 20) To clothe oneself in; don.
  • 21) To take over without justification; seize.
  • 22) To pretend to have; feign.
  • 23) To take upon oneself (a duty or obligation).
  • 24) To take on (an appearance, role, or form, for example); adopt.
  • 25) (Law) To undertake, as by a promise.
  • 26) To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due.
  • 27) To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly.
  • 28) To pretend to possess; to take in appearance.
  • 29) To receive or adopt.
  • 30) To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively.

Definitions

  • 1) constitute reasonable evidence for
  • 2) take liberties or act with too much confidence
  • 3) take upon oneself; act presumptuously, without permission
  • 4) To take for granted that something is true or factual; make a supposition.
  • 5) To constitute reasonable evidence for assuming; appear to prove.
  • 6) To take for granted as being true in the absence of proof to the contrary.
  • 7) To venture without authority or permission; dare.
  • 8) To act presumptuously or take unwarranted advantage of something.
  • 9) To suppose or assume something to be, or to be true, on grounds deemed valid, though not amounting to proof; to believe by anticipation; to infer.
  • 10) To venture, go, or act, by an assumption of leave or authority not granted; to go beyond what is warranted by the circumstances of the case; to venture beyond license; to take liberties; -- often with on or upon before the ground of confidence.
  • 11) To take or suppose to be true, or entitled to belief, without examination or proof, or on the strength of probability; to take for granted; to infer; to suppose.
  • 12) To assume or take beforehand; esp., to do or undertake without leave or authority previously obtained.

Examples

  • 1) I can only assume yeah I know *assume* that they have tested enough people and found that assertion passes the smell test even though there is no evidence other than the address on her 1040 for eight yesr.
  • 2) FYI, my Munger, which I assume is shorthand for War Monger!
  • 3) The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think is right.
  • 4) The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think right.
  • 5) ‘Obviously the police haven't confirmed yet whether the guy was involved in yesterday's bombings, but I suppose one can reasonably assume that he was.’
  • 6) ‘After all, it refers to a standard of proof that assumes innocence until guilt is proven.’
  • 7) ‘At least, I assume it was supposed to be amusing, because I glanced once at it, and burned the foul thing as soon as decency allowed.’
  • 8) ‘The one problem I have with the skeptical argument is that it often assumes proof is an easy thing to come by.’
  • 9) ‘I suppose I just assumed you were naturally plump.’
  • 10) ‘Far be it from him to assume that marriage was supposed to be fun.’
  • 11) ‘Many good books on proof assume experience from high school or beyond.’
  • 12) ‘I assume it's supposed to prove some point, although I don't exactly know what.’
  • 13) ‘We were supposed to assume these two were representative of all young single mothers without support; the voice of Buggy Street.’
  • 14) ‘The end notes are impressively detailed but the text assumes a readership with some prior knowledge of aeronautics.’
  • 15) ‘Suppose we assume some particular scale for the space shown in that one picture.’
  • 16) ‘So I guess I just assumed it was acceptable behavior.’
  • 17) ‘But taking that route causes problems later on, because the intermediate course fails to cover much basic algebra and geometry, of which the A-level course assumes knowledge.’
  • 18) ‘A modern scientist, according to Grenz, assumes that knowledge is always good, and this assumption of goodness leads to an optimistic outlook.’
  • 19) ‘To require total changeover may be beyond the means available and assumes knowledge of the solution.’
  • 20) ‘The author assumes no prior knowledge on the part of the reader.’
  • 21) ‘It is often assumed that the reason why the university put a stop to its plans to build a research centre in 2004 is because of the threats by animal rights activists.’
  • 22) ‘For some reason, she assumed the elevator was above them.’
  • 23) ‘For some reason they assumed this would be won by the Conservatives.’
  • 24) ‘And few people understand what it's like to be at the eye of a hurricane when everybody is accusing you and everybody is calling you names and everybody is assuming your guilt.’
  • 25) ‘The overall goal of these institutions is to prepare each generation to assume the obligations and responsibilities of a productive citizen.’
  • 26) ‘Marriage exists because people must take responsibility for childcare and assume economic obligations.’
  • 27) ‘It eloquently sums up the entire philosophy behind choosing to assume the duty and responsibility of carrying a weapon.’
  • 28) ‘In Australia, if a device is used in a manner other than designated by the manufacturer, the user assumes full responsibility and liability.’
  • 29) ‘Are you prepared to assume full responsibility for the outcome of your business?’
  • 30) ‘They may take the first steps in assuming full responsibility for their lives by realizing that they have the power to prevent such situations from recurring.’
  • 31) ‘People who allow others to determine who they are and what they are to do generally do not assume full responsibility for their behavior.’
  • 32) ‘The state assumes full responsibility for all development projects and the well-being of its citizens and is reluctant to admit need for external assistance.’
  • 33) ‘We assume full responsibility for the content of this article.’
  • 34) ‘Despite all this help, the work remains my own, and I assume full responsibility for any shortcomings or errors.’
  • 35) ‘The party also proposed that the state assume responsibility for full employment based on a minimum wage related to the cost of living.’
  • 36) ‘Soviet foreign debt had ballooned to $56.5 billion, and creditors were demanding that the successor states assume full responsibility.’
  • 37) ‘It should assume full responsibility and accept creditors' demands for additional collateral.’
  • 38) ‘The author assumes full responsibility for what he writes.’
  • 39) ‘The authors assume full responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the ideas represented in this study.’
  • 40) ‘Her real ordeals begin when her husband starts to assume responsibility for his recovery.’
  • 41) ‘In their new role, grandmothers became intimately involved with their grandchildren by assuming primary responsibility for their care.’
  • 42) ‘All of this could enable the interim government to assume real power and control in coming months and set the stage for an elected government to take over in January.’
  • 43) ‘He'll outline plans for a transitional authority, due to assume control on the 30th of June.’
  • 44) ‘These are just some examples of the undoubted benefits we have seen since the council assumed control of parking enforcement.’
  • 45) ‘In return, Britain promised to support Thailand against any attempts by a third power to assume control in the Malay Peninsula.’
  • 46) ‘The hijackers assumed the controls of the Boeing 757, cruising in the airspace near the capital.’
  • 47) ‘The game had swung back in their favour and they looked like assuming control.’
  • 48) ‘He fled to the USA as the general assumed control of the country and re-imposed the savagery that characterised the dictatorships of the past.’
  • 49) ‘Here too, militiamen have assumed effective control of the municipality.’
  • 50) ‘Residents of the United States have assumed control of the continental term ‘America.’’
  • 51) ‘Overnight he assumed control of the domestic agenda in a manner that surprised the prime minister, shocked his cabinet colleagues and astounded Whitehall's officials.’
  • 52) ‘Tribes assumed control of the city's institutions and protected government buildings.’
  • 53) ‘Telephones used by foreign residents have been cut off and the secret police have assumed control of the country's mobile phone service.’
  • 54) ‘By mid February he had assumed control of the city in a remarkable bloodless coup.’
  • 55) ‘A state of emergency is declared and the army threatens to assume control if order is not restored.’
  • 56) ‘However, the underlying fact remains that the area is in the grip of a severe water contamination problem which is threatening to assume epidemic proportions in the coming days.’
  • 57) ‘At first there is a case here and there, then suddenly this infectious intestinal disease assumes epidemic proportions.’
  • 58) ‘It is that last hazard that has assumed epidemic proportions recently.’
  • 59) ‘By 2015, heart-related ailments will assume epidemic proportions, world over.’
  • 60) ‘The fact that it is rarely transmitted from one human being to another means that it has never assumed epidemic proportions in human society, though it may do so in cattle and other animals.’
  • 61) ‘Driven by a penetrating east wind, it drifted until every hollow and depression was filled and the landscape assumed the appearance of a vast white prairie.’
  • 62) ‘Suddenly the Ireland of the ‘great craic’ so beloved of visiting stag parties began to assume different proportions.’
  • 63) ‘From the perspective of the West Wing, the war on terror assumes a heroic quality, and the president heroic status.’
  • 64) ‘It began to assume outsize dimensions, rising like the pyramid of Giza over the bar.’
  • 65) ‘It is also known that the grass was cut twice weekly to encourage it to assume a dwarf quality.’
  • 66) ‘Experimental plots had assumed an appearance identical to that of the surrounding sediment within one week of their creation.’
  • 67) ‘Each leaf assumes its appearance and operations through a finely balanced process of cell division and specialization.’
  • 68) ‘Whisk this sharply over a very slow fire, until it assumes the appearance of a light frothy custard.’
  • 69) ‘Unfounded facts and interpretations assumed a self-perpetuating quality and, over time, gained historical credibility.’
  • 70) ‘Her curvaceousness; the symmetry of her face; the sensuousness of her eyes; each assumed a threatening quality.’
  • 71) ‘Settlers mined it for building stone, and the fort soon assumed the appearance of an ancient ruin.’
  • 72) ‘This is especially true in an age of reality television, which allow the news reports coming from Iraq to assume a surreal quality.’
  • 73) ‘Chance remarks of the Allied leaders sometimes tended to assume the quality of self-fulfilling prophecies.’
  • 74) ‘To my mind this was the defining moment in the great India-Pakistan cricketing divide when contests assumed proportions and dimensions other than mere sport.’
  • 75) ‘Objects appeared to gain in relief; they assumed unusual dimensions; and colours became more glowing.’
  • 76) ‘Indeed, even the most wretched of mortals would not dare to falsely assume the identity of the Father of Life!’
  • 77) ‘She figured that it would be best to assume a fake name, in case someone was truly searching for them still.’
  • 78) ‘Fleeing to London in 1773, he assumed the name Barrington and made his living as a gentleman pickpocket and thief.’
  • 79) ‘But in social security the biggest scam is people pretending to have a disability that they do not have, rather than assuming another name.’
  • 80) ‘In 1994 she took the first step towards her sex change by assuming the name Sandra and living as a woman.’
  • 81) ‘Both, for obscure hedonistic purposes, assume the false name Ernest only to find that their respective paramours, Cecily and Gwendolen, will spurn any man who does not go by that name.’
  • 82) ‘I won't be a Staines much longer as I am likely going to assume the name of my stepfather (which is ‘Wangstaff’).’
  • 83) ‘This is why, even today, many Korean-Japanese hide their Korean identity and assume Japanese names.’
  • 84) ‘These bods were so concerned about their safety they were using assumed names - due to the numerous death threats their contentious web site had provoked.’
  • 85) ‘Skerry stiffens, assuming her mask of indifference.’
  • 86) ‘Meanwhile Roberts, no longer protected by his own name, assumes Haskell's identity long enough to ditch the car and find Sue.’
  • 87) ‘The husband assumes the name of Ray Carter and makes Hester swear that she will conceal his identity.’
  • 88) ‘Montresor assumed an air of indifference again.’
  • 89) ‘She had by this time assumed the name of Carol Jones and was living in Soho with her widowed mother.’
  • 90) ‘The opportunity for men - and surprisingly, for women - to assume a new name, and lose track of their old lives, was relatively great.’
  • 91) ‘Sarah walked over to the antique dresser and mirror set and assumed a gloomy appearance. ‘After all, my grandmother just died,’ she thought.’
  • 92) ‘Anyone can assume the appearance of hopes and values.’
  • 93) ‘The cleric's attempt to assume a new guise as the cuddly and tolerant uncle of the young generation might seem to be stretching credibility but his image makeover has been at least partly successful.’
  • 94) ‘Well, here he is anyway, starring in a tale about a frumpy kid who is given an amazing device that allows him to assume the appearance of anyone he wants to.’
  • 95) ‘On November 11, 1968, it was abolished and replaced by a republic, and the country assumed its present name.’
  • 96) ‘The claimant long wished to dress as, and assume the appearance of, a woman.’

Examples

  • 1) One can only presume they are dead.
  • 2) By which one presumes he means not just when they turn into show ponies at night.
  • 3) Her body has not been found but she is presumed dead.
  • 4) But it is often presumed to be no longer necessary and is lacking in many homes and schools.
  • 5) We presumed a holiday meant sun.
  • 6) All are presumed to be dead.
  • 7) So we can't presume forgiveness means pretending that there is no harm.
  • 8) It is often presumed that the speech impediment is caused by shyness, a neglected childhood or social awkwardness.
  • 9) We presume he means aeroplanes.
  • 10) They are all presumed dead.
  • 11) His baffling new case involves a woman long presumed dead, and a mysterious ransom note sent to the man accused of her murder.
  • 12) I wouldn't presume to say so.
  • 13) I'm aware of the risk one takes presuming innocence.
  • 14) As Sands lies dying, the film presumes to take us inside his head.
  • 15) I presume he meant strippers.
  • 16) I suggest you propose, but - presuming he says yes!
  • 17) A place where they presume - often quite rightly - that adults are not paying attention.
  • 18) I presume he means 'old '!
  • 19) I presume from the patina that the one pictured is sitting on a battlefield somewhere.
  • 20) I also have an RFC (issued in conjunction with my Scotiabank account), which I presume is used by Hacienda to track taxes withheld from interest income. gpkisner
  • 21) I want to see ADAM punching the ground, which, we presume, is the addict.
  • 22) Finally, damienoujia at this Comicvine forum noted another moment where Lori's smoking habit illuminated her character: Her first meeting with the Comedian and it seems he's hitting on her ... he lights what we presume is her first cigarette.
  • 23) ‘He also said the missing American is presumed dead.’
  • 24) ‘His father had died many years previously, and although he never spoke of his mother, I presumed that she was dead too.’
  • 25) ‘Anyway, even if my client gets the information to me a month before the trial, I don't think I'm supposed to presume my client is lying.’
  • 26) ‘He says, I do not understand English very well but he presumes that probably may be the reason.’
  • 27) ‘A lot of people probably presumed that I couldn't have kids.’
  • 28) ‘They conclusively presume that the ‘neocons’ are always lying anyway.’
  • 29) ‘The roll-call of the missing presumed dead is the tragic emblem of such atrocities, and it is no surprise that the fate of one woman in particular has caused much comment.’
  • 30) ‘In a shorter-duration study, most of those missing individuals would have been presumed dead.’
  • 31) ‘He then presumes that we believe that ‘all newly diagnosed hypertensive patients would benefit from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.’’
  • 32) ‘Also, two Germans are missing; they are presumed dead.’
  • 33) ‘Both novels focus on missing persons who are presumed dead.’
  • 34) ‘And they are presumed to be dead, but we hope that that's not the case, but that is our working assumption right now.’
  • 35) ‘He nodded a little with a look that I presumed was supposed to imply something along the lines of ‘hook up.’’
  • 36) ‘For now, judges seem to presume that everyone is relatively good at voice recognition, better, in fact, than the research suggests is possible.’
  • 37) ‘The hostages presumed that the others were dead.’
  • 38) ‘He hasn't been a danger to the community in that time, and I presume the judge believes he isn't likely to be.’
  • 39) ‘At the time, I had presumed that everything had gone the way it was supposed to.’
  • 40) ‘Ninety per cent of the world's pelagic species of fish are already missing, presumed dead.’
  • 41) ‘We presumed that the dog had probably come from a haulage lorry, or a contractor working in the area.’
  • 42) ‘If you don't return you will be presumed dead, and your people sent away.’
  • 43) ‘Federalism presumes that states exist within a larger nation.’
  • 44) ‘Secondly, this argument presumes that the only two possibilities are that he's telling the truth or he's lying, and those are not the only two possibilities.’
  • 45) ‘The argument presumes that there are large numbers of qualified Xs out there who, absent discrimination, would be proportionally represented in the challenged field.’
  • 46) ‘The Argument from Religious Experience presumes that, if people tell you that they have had certain experiences, then those people should be believed.’
  • 47) ‘The law presumes bail should be granted unless there are strong reasons to prevent it.’
  • 48) ‘The plan to reduce acute-care beds and replace them with other facilities with differing and more appropriate levels of care presumes such facilities exist.’
  • 49) ‘This estimate presumes that the low cost stock which does exist is available for low income households.’
  • 50) ‘The argument presumes one will prevail over another.’
  • 51) ‘But this argument presumed wrongdoing by the petitioner and ignored the fact that there were already criminal statutes existing punishing such behavior.’
  • 52) ‘The ‘role model’ argument insults women; it presumes that they can only be followers, not pioneers.’
  • 53) ‘Indeed, such measures presume that no reconciliation is possible and that therefore drastic steps are in order.’
  • 54) ‘As a former principal, I have always loved this argument about the need for choice, because it presumes that everybody in Auckland wants his or her child to go to Auckland Grammar.’
  • 55) ‘The waterfall model presumes that the requirements development phase results in nearly perfect requirements, the design phase results in a nearly perfect design, and so forth.’
  • 56) ‘The concern, often made in parallel with concerns about parental expectations, presumes that IQ is a strong predictor of RTI, which it is not.’
  • 57) ‘One hypothesis presumes that the primary cause is insulin resistance.’
  • 58) ‘The ‘fitness cliff’ hypothesis presumes that life opportunities for potential suicide bombers have recently plummeted.’
  • 59) ‘It presumes that the administration demands were unreasonable and doesn't address the staff association proposals.’
  • 60) ‘It also presumes that greater demand for resources requires us to loot more planets, when it's likely that the resources can be found right here under Gaia's sofa cushions.’
  • 61) ‘Capitalism not only presumes but requires and produces inequality.’
  • 62) ‘The reason the question is absurd, in my view, is that it presumes, or at least implies, a serious misunderstanding of what evolution requires.’
  • 63) ‘We do not presume to be important enough to have our own city.’
  • 64) ‘The suggestion that it is arrogant to presume to make such decisions is false in at least some cases, including those where the disability is disastrous.’
  • 65) ‘Don't presume to know enough about their culture to be able to say ‘oh, it's so wonderful, don't change’.’
  • 66) ‘Participation is redefined as discussion in the virtual world of ‘big’ issues presumed to be beyond anybody's control.’
  • 67) ‘If the present path is blocked, no-one should arrogantly presume to predict a certain way forward.’
  • 68) ‘The final section ranges from a narrative about an artist's educational trip through Africa to projects that presume to address issues of race.’
  • 69) ‘I cannot presume to have the arrogance to tell someone how they should go about finding the balances in their own lives.’
  • 70) ‘I would never presume to dictate issues of style and form to you, dear sir.’
  • 71) ‘The answer seems simple enough: he did not presume to know the advocates' goals.’
  • 72) ‘I just think it is arrogant of such folk that they can presume to make judgements on behalf of other people.’
  • 73) ‘The draft reflects a similar innocence about how the media operate, while presuming to call shots and issue admonitions and injunctions in an often condescending way.’
  • 74) ‘Would it not end up trivialising and over-simplifying human issues that the narrative was presuming to metaphor?’
  • 75) ‘That characterization epitomizes the arrogance and condescension of anyone who would presume to understand and speak for all of us.’
  • 76) ‘This bumptious charlatan then presumes to lecture others on issues of morality and governance.’
  • 77) ‘After more than two centuries of American jurisprudence and millennia of human experience, a few judges and local authorities are presuming to change the most fundamental institution of civilization.’
  • 78) ‘This vision of justice suggests that one should feed the hungry, clothe the naked, and house the homeless without presuming to ask whether they are deserving.’
  • 79) ‘Others have already commented on the irony of the head of an organisation which conspired to cover up child sex abuse presuming to lecture the rest of us on morality.’
  • 80) ‘These are so essential to our nature as a species that no legitimate government has the right to abridge them, or even presume to grant them.’
  • 81) ‘The first of the improvements I presumed to demand was more care over spelling (in the face of some truly wild examples).’
  • 82) ‘In the absence of express instructions, I believe that it would be inappropriate for the solicitor to presume to have implied instructions in such circumstances.’
  • 83) ‘Without presuming on, but nevertheless hoping for, forgiveness, you can petition the Almighty through this lesser ceremony and thereby summon the support and endorsement of your community.’
  • 84) ‘Before the day few thought that on 3 June a million or two groupies would throng the Mall to watch a bunch of clapped-out old-stagers presuming on the public's indulgence for one last hurrah.’
  • 85) ‘It's for the British people to decide and I don't presume on their judgment.’
  • 86) ‘In addition to the perennial problems of education and begging that usually presume on the generosity of the citizens, there are a host of natural and man-made disasters.’
  • 87) ‘I presume on the issue of cooperation, the same charge could be made against America.’
  • 88) ‘These are people I will be hoping will fund-raise and bang on doors for me and I don't want to presume on them.’
  • 89) ‘He does not presume on it, as if deliverance from God is a matter of fate or inevitability.’
  • 90) ‘Too many, misunderstanding the nature of faith and presuming upon the grace of God, disregard the commandments of God.’
  • 91) ‘It's quite another matter if someone has done you wrong, or is presuming on your friendship in some unseemly fashion.’
  • 92) ‘This is the sort of non-realistic, even non-narrative structure which opera is best at, presuming on the audience's knowledge of the basic myth/archetype to add extra experiences and information.’
  • 93) ‘‘Very little,’ said Ternora, pleased that the lion was apparently going to be serious and stop presuming on his own superiority.’
  • 94) ‘Domitia escapes punishment but, incensed at the death of Paris and presuming on her power over the emperor, she rails at and taunts him.’
  • 95) ‘If we do not thank God for God's blessing, then we become like ingrates, those who presume upon the goodness of those who give them gift after gift.’
  • 96) ‘Great though he was, he didn't presume upon his equality with God.’
  • 97) ‘In the Roman successor states of western Europe, the feudal system contained a hint of servility in the act of homage that liege lords found it unwise to presume upon.’
  • 98) ‘How can anyone presume upon God's love and mercy, while neglecting his holiness and justice.’
  • 99) ‘I fear I must once again presume on your good nature my dear.’
  • 100) ‘Tell them how to do it, maybe then they will not presume on your friendship by asking for one of your traces.’
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