precedent vs precedence

precedent precedence

Definitions

  • 1) An act in the past which may be used as an example to help decide the outcome of similar instances in the future.
  • 2) obsolete, with definite article The aforementioned (thing).
  • 3) The previous version.
  • 4) law A decided case which is cited or used as an example to justify a judgment in a subsequent case.
  • 5) Convention or custom arising from long practice.
  • 6) An act or instance that may be used as an example in dealing with subsequent similar instances.
  • 7) Law A judicial decision that is binding on other equal or lower courts in the same jurisdiction as to its conclusion on a point of law, and may also be persuasive to courts in other jurisdictions, in subsequent cases involving sufficiently similar facts.
  • 8) Something done or said that may serve as an example to authorize a subsequent act of the same kind; an authoritative example.
  • 9) (Law) A judicial decision which serves as a rule for future determinations in similar or analogous cases; an authority to be followed in courts of justice; forms of proceeding to be followed in similar cases.
  • 10) obsolete A rough draught of a writing which precedes a finished copy.
  • 11) obsolete A preceding circumstance or condition; an antecedent; hence, a prognostic; a token; a sign.
  • 12) an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time
  • 13) a subject mentioned earlier (preceding in time)
  • 14) a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws
  • 15) (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
  • 16) (pres′ ē˙-dent). A preceding action or circumstance which may serve as a pattern or example in subsequent cases; an antecedent instance which creates a rule for following cases; a model instance.
  • 17) A presage; sign; indication.
  • 18) Synonyms Pattern, Model, etc. See example.
  • 19) An original, as the original draft of a writing.
  • 20) A form of proceeding or of an instrument followed or deemed worthy to be followed as a pattern in similar or analogous cases.
  • 21) A custom, habit, or rule established; previous example or usage.
  • 22) Specifically, in law: A judicial decision, interlocutory or final, which serves as a rule for future determinations in similar or analogous cases.
  • 23) Happening or taking place earlier in time; previous or preceding.
  • 24) Preceding.
  • 25) (Law) a condition which precede the vesting of an estate, or the accruing of a right.
  • 26) Going before; anterior; preceding; antecedent.
  • 27) preceding in time, order, or significance
  • 28) transitive, law To provide precedents for.
  • 29) transitive, law To be a precedent for.

Definitions

  • 1) The state of preceding in importance or priority.
  • 2) Priority claimed or received because of greater importance.
  • 3) A ceremonial order of rank or preference, especially as observed on formal occasions.
  • 4) The fact, state, or right of coming before in time, order, or position.
  • 5) The act or state of preceding or going before in order of time; priority.
  • 6) The act or state of going or being before in rank or dignity, or the place of honor; right to a more honorable place; superior rank.
  • 7) status established in order of importance or urgency
  • 8) the act of preceding in time or order or rank (as in a ceremony)
  • 9) preceding in time
  • 10) The act of going before; specifically, the right of preceding others in public or private ceremonies; the right to a more honorable place in public processions or assemblies, or in the formalities of social life; social superiority; advantage in rank. In many countries precedence is a matter of strict regulation. See order of precedence, below.
  • 11) Prior place; superior position; position indicative of superior rank.
  • 12) Previous occurrence, or existence before; priority in time.
  • 13) That which goes before; a preceding act or speech.

Examples

  • 1) Such a precedent created a vacuum of uncertainty, which could not be permitted.
  • 2) And unless we lay down some sort of precedent none of our guests will ever leave again.
  • 3) Second, it's bad precedent letting a foreign navy sink one of our ships, even a rogue.
  • 4) Saying that this won't be a precedent is a little like the Supreme Court in Bush v. Gore saying that its decision was limited to the specific facts of that case.
  • 5) But surely to Justice Breyer, and Souter and Ginsburg, who joined him, the precedent is the substance:
  • 6) But misconstruing precedent is what makes “the law” such a flexible weapon.
  • 7) Supreme Court precedent is actually pretty clear, even in the Nevada case, the cops needed at least an reasonable pretext for asking for ID.
  • 8) As Reza Aslan has pointed out in various interviews in the last few days, the Iranian precedent is that a movement feeds off martyrdom.
  • 9) Also, unlike every other court in the country, no precedent is binding on the U.S.
  • 10) If judges find this argument (in the greatly eleborated form that will eventually be presented to the courts) to be persuasive, then the Supreme Court precedent is very clear.
  • 11) Centuries of contrary precedent is certainly a “showing to contrary”.
  • 12) I think it makes much more sense to say that a precedent is being “applied” when there is no relevant difference that makes the rule of law announced in the precedent inapplicable.
  • 13) Supreme Court precedent is actually pretty clear, even in the Nevada case, the cops needed at least an reasonable pretext for asking forID.
  • 14) ‘Once these spaces are let go to development there would be no stopping further development because there would be a precedent set.’
  • 15) ‘Historical precedent shows pubs have changed their names through the years, usually for good reasons.’
  • 16) ‘We all have to go through the same nonsense, which seems crazy considering the precedent set at the first hearing.’
  • 17) ‘We fear there may well be a precedent set for the rest of her school life.’
  • 18) ‘If precedent holds, it won't be publishers of tax-help books alone who benefit.’
  • 19) ‘People claimed that the precedent set out by the sleeper hit in 1998 was finally superseded.’
  • 20) ‘It's a great adrenaline rush to set precedent or prior learning on its ear.’
  • 21) ‘I am going to break with the precedent set by the previous speaker and actually talk about the bill before the House.’
  • 22) ‘I guess the point I want you to consider is what sort of precedent we are establishing here, because it is important for the future.’
  • 23) ‘However, based on precedent the cards are stacked against them.’
  • 24) ‘The public sentiment would have been the necessity for humanitarian considerations to overcome precedent this once.’
  • 25) ‘So the planners want to look at what precedent they are setting.’
  • 26) ‘He said it was without precedent and unfair - especially as the police had not been called in.’
  • 27) ‘The result is a game of spot the allusion, with the final mass exodus dictated more by Chekhovian precedent than any kind of political logic.’
  • 28) ‘It is the sort of precedent we are seeing in other legislation.’
  • 29) ‘I want the kind of precedent I have seen in Europe followed here.’
  • 30) ‘What a pleasing precedent any unlikely victory would set!’
  • 31) ‘Is this a precedent we wish to set for other great regional powers as well?’
  • 32) ‘The precedent it set does not augur well for future similar elections.’
  • 33) ‘This is both illogical and a precedent we should not allow to be set.’
  • 34) ‘The court should never view a foreign legal decision as a precedent in any way.’
  • 35) ‘A lower court cannot set precedent, and must follow any higher courts decision.’
  • 36) ‘If this court hears the case, they say, any decision would set a precedent and would have ramifications across the country.’
  • 37) ‘Furthermore, this is a case of general importance and it may well set a precedent.’
  • 38) ‘Critics say that the judges should have let the 1963 precedent stand, even if it was bad.’
  • 39) ‘I shall add to the definition of humanly free agents, that they are agents whose choices do not have fully deterministic precedent causes.’
  • 40) ‘All that has happened is that there is a set of precedent requirements of a procedural kind before a court case can be commenced.’
  • 41) ‘Once a power to detain is held to depend on precedent fact, then of course anyone subjected to it can properly invoke habeas corpus.’
  • 42) ‘I just want to go back to some of the precedent issues of the settlement process.’
  • 43) ‘This would be an example of precedent activism but not separation-of-powers activism.’
  • 44) ‘His first and main ground is that the Inspector had no basis for his conclusion on the precedent effect.’

Examples

  • 1) Village shoppers gave courteous precedence to a visiting foreigner: perhaps they were only in there to gossip.
  • 2) He was disappointed in her choice of restaurant, a noisy, yuppie hang-out, the sort of place where design took precedence over comfort.
  • 3) Can you believe I had two people in a row didn't know a Code Five takes precedence ?
  • 4) Nations confront the problematic tension between giving their – people-citizens-however you want to call it – a certain precedence, which is deeply embedded in the very idea of the nation-state however un-P.C. it sounds, while not sacrificing their broader humanity regarding the world.
  • 5) The only time the right-wing nutjobs honor precedence is when their idealogues on the court use it to their favorite flavor of outrage.
  • 6) While the wealthy sportsman was the original English motorist, it was not until Edward VII took up motoring (with relish) that the motorcar began to gain precedence over the horse and carriage with the Marlborough House Set.
  • 7) «sleeping-sickness» takes precedence from the medical point of view.
  • 8) Hence the Prosodists distinguish between Ajzá aslíyah or primary feet (from Asl, root), in which this precedence is observed, and Ájzá far’íyah or secondary feet (from
  • 9) The seven exhortations of this pirate ` s code ascend in precedence.
  • 10) Courtenay and Lady Beaulyon took place, as to whether 'Maryllia Van' in her professed detestation of Lord Roxmouth, would forget etiquette and the rule of 'precedence' -- but they soon saw she did not intend to so commit herself.
  • 11) Normally the whole "inner turmoil" aspect of John Lennon takes John Lennon facial-expression precedence over happiness.
  • 12) ‘For a glorious few minutes at Knock Airport on Friday evening, the humble bike took precedence over the big plane.’
  • 13) ‘However, on their last album before this, silence took precedence over noise.’
  • 14) ‘Their needs were always paramount in his thoughts and took precedence over everything else in his life.’
  • 15) ‘These skills took precedence over more craft-based or manufacturing work skills.’
  • 16) ‘But the urge to entertain took precedence over basic common sense.’
  • 17) ‘It was a war in which close air support and interdiction often took precedence over strategic attack.’
  • 18) ‘So nuances of gravel and green olive took precedence over plums and berries.’
  • 19) ‘For most of them the interests of the established Church took precedence over sentimental attachment to the Stuart dynasty.’
  • 20) ‘He felt that an individual's character took precedence over what they looked like.’
  • 21) ‘Getting things done properly took precedence over getting them done quickly.’
  • 22) ‘This new possibility took precedence over the offer he had been preparing to make the others.’
  • 23) ‘The new popular context of images took precedence over the origin of the representation.’
  • 24) ‘If it becomes, in effect, a European Union constitution, it will take legal precedence over our own.’
  • 25) ‘He believes that the Bible's authority takes absolute precedence over man's opinions.’
  • 26) ‘The profit of the nation took absolute precedence over the companies.’
  • 27) ‘Russian laws were given precedence over laws passed by the Finnish Diet.’
  • 28) ‘Should property rights be given precedence over human rights or society's need to protect nature?’
  • 29) ‘And that is the profit imperative taking precedence over everything else.’
  • 30) ‘Power generation was given precedence because thermal power was in great demand in summer.’
  • 31) ‘But almost as soon as he arrived in England, Philip was accorded precedence over Mary.’
  • 32) ‘The order of precedence among legal heirs is defined by the degree of proximity of kinship.’
  • 33) ‘Each cardinal approaches the altar, according to the order of precedence.’
  • 34) ‘Arguments about ceremonial precedence, like those affecting professional competence, were about power.’
  • 35) ‘If a player can place a tile, they must do so in their turn, according to these precedence rules.’
  • 36) ‘Just as in a ceremony there is an order of precedence, so also in news.’
  • 37) ‘If you want to set precedence in a case, alternative dispute resolution methods may not be the answer.’
  • 38) ‘Either the people of this country decided the precedence accorded to the parties, or they did not.’
  • 39) ‘The controversy over precedence must be understood in this context.’
  • 40) ‘This order of precedence can be important if both teams are close to winning.’
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