afflict vs inflict

afflict inflict


  • 1) Conflict; struggle.
  • 2) transitive To cause (someone) pain, suffering or distress.
  • 3) cause great unhappiness for; distress
  • 4) To distress with mental or bodily pain; trouble greatly or grievously; harass or torment: as, to be afflicted with the gout, or by persecution.
  • 5) Afflicted; distressed.
  • 6) To strike down; prostrate; overthrow; rout.
  • 7) Synonyms Afflict, Distress, Trouble, Harass, Torment; try, pain, hurt, plague, persecute. Of these words, afflict implies the most spiritual effect, the greatest depth and continuance of sorrow. To distress is a more outward act, bringing one into straitness of circumstances or feeling, so that there is more anxiety for the future, while perhaps the afflicted person knows the full measure of his loss and is wholly occupied with the past. To trouble is a lighter act, involving perhaps confusion or uncertainty of mind, and especially embarrassment. Harass, as applied to mind or body, suggests the infliction of the weariness that comes from the continuance or repetition of trying experiences, so that there is not time for rest. Torment implies the infliction of acute pain, physical or mental, and is frequently used in the sense of harassing by frequent return. The use of afflicted otherwise than of persons severally or collectively is highly figurative or poetic: as, my afflicted fortunes; the other words have freer figurative use. See affliction.
  • 8) To cause grievous physical or mental suffering to.
  • 9) obsolete To strike or cast down; to overthrow.
  • 10) obsolete To make low or humble.
  • 11) To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to torment.
  • 12) obsolete Afflicted.


  • 1) To thrust upon; to impose.
  • 2) To lay on or impose as something that must be borne or suffered; cause to be suffered: as, to inflict punishment on offenders; to inflict a penalty on transgressors.
  • 3) To cause (something injurious or harmful), as to a person, group, or area.
  • 4) To deal or deliver (a blow, for example).
  • 5) To force to undergo or experience (something unwanted).
  • 6) To give, cause, or produce by striking, or as if by striking; to apply forcibly; to lay or impose; to send; to cause to bear, feel, or suffer


  • 1) By now he is afflicted with gout and his health is beginning to fade.
  • 2) People so afflicted behave as if controlled from outside themselves.
  • 3) In terms of the number of people afflicted it is worse than cancer.
  • 4) What is the mystery illness afflicting these finely tuned sportsmen?
  • 5) There should be no shame in being afflicted by an illness.
  • 6) Suffering afflicts people for different reasons.
  • 7) He maintains that the exorcism is the only procedure that can truly and definitively determine whether a person is afflicted by satanic influence.
  • 8) This is important because of the many problems now afflicting Europe.
  • 9) Changing to a high quality diet Most diseases that afflict people nowadays are caused by faulty nutrition.
  • 10) His father was suffering from loneliness and the other blight that often afflicts people in his situation, unnecessary loss of health through not eating properly.
  • 11) Indeed, without the apathy now afflicting the union movement, he might not be in his job.
  • 12) Like a jilted lover, he is still stalking the firm, talking it down and blaming it for disasters that have afflicted the world since.
  • 13) This is probably because of a problem that is now afflicting many British seabirds - a decline in the number of sand eels in the sea.
  • 14) The first of these can be seen simply as a misfortune: Unity was an afflicted person and what could the family do but endure her affliction.
  • 15) The bill raises complex moral issues about the conflict between the autonomy and dignity of the afflicted person and, on the other hand, the sanctity of life.
  • 16) That he will not afflict, that is, that he will not afflict willingly; it is no pleasure to him to grieve the children of men, much less his own children.
  • 17) Sundry marplots, such as afflict all public bodies did, indeed, start to their feet, but a universal cry of ` ` question '' drowned all their efforts, and Mr. Raymond's motion was carried, to all appearance unanimously.
  • 18) It took place in the bed-room, where, as usual save on Sunday morning, Ada consumed her strong tea and heavily buttered toast; the state of her health -- she had frequent ailments, more or less genuine, such as afflict the indolent and brainless type of woman -- made it necessary for her to repose till a late hour.
  • 19) 'afflict' Rose, but let her choose, and if I'm not entirely mistaken, she will like my rig best.
  • 20) At the same time, it meant “to afflict” or “to trouble.”
  • 21) Social relations in America may be eased by the fact that most Americans find God more likely to comfort than to afflict.
  • 22) As the chart above shows, federal government spending is not subject to the wild swings that afflict investment, so it helps to stabilize GDP and jobs--if it is big enough.
  • 23) Restless legs syndrome is thought to afflict millions, though there's argument about just how many.
  • 24) ‘When we are afflicted with such illnesses, we expect to recover quickly and fully.’
  • 25) ‘This will remove the problems afflicting society, particularly those affecting the working class majority.’
  • 26) ‘Companies have made great advances in tackling health problems afflicting dancers, but those could be lost if proper practices are not maintained at all levels of the profession, he said.’
  • 27) ‘They claim they are too easy a target for the game's governing bodies who ought to be looking elsewhere to help ease the financial problems afflicting the game at a lower level.’
  • 28) ‘At least the Prime Minister has acknowledged one of the most pressing problems afflicting rural areas: the alarming demise of sub-post offices.’
  • 29) ‘Over the coming weeks, we'll be highlighting how organic farming can provide solutions to the seemingly intractable problems afflicting our food chain.’
  • 30) ‘Part of the reason was that the kings were able to insulate themselves from problems afflicting the rest of society.’
  • 31) ‘The document identified several problems afflicting the new curriculum.’
  • 32) ‘Of course, it does not mean he is not familiar with the issues and problems afflicting the two suburbs.’
  • 33) ‘Similar problems afflict many other European universities.’
  • 34) ‘A number of serious diseases afflict the population, including malaria, tuberculosis, and cholera.’
  • 35) ‘The problem usually afflicts rural areas, where deep well drilling hits arsenic-rich aquifers.’
  • 36) ‘This problem afflicts a quarter of all irrigated land and is most acute in Pakistan, where two million hectares have been lost to high soil salinity.’
  • 37) ‘To be sure, the social and economic problems afflicting these nations are acute, but the current crisis is at root a political one, and progress will not come without serious reform.’
  • 38) ‘All joking aside, the most important health problem afflicting our nation right now is obesity, according to the National Institute of Health.’
  • 39) ‘The word from the World Health Organisation is that by the year 2020, depression will be the second most common health problem afflicting our population.’
  • 40) ‘The decline of the world's fish stocks is, next to global warming, probably the greatest problem afflicting our environmental commons.’
  • 41) ‘There are simply too many socioeconomic problems afflicting the educational setting for such a fast turnaround.’
  • 42) ‘It found no cardiac benefit in those already somewhat afflicted by heart problems.’
  • 43) ‘A vast array of social problems afflict a country so recently traumatized by war.’
  • 44) ‘But if that path is afflicted, the astrologer can suggest alternatives.’
  • 45) ‘It is cadent from the Ascendant and afflicted by a square to Saturn.’
  • 46) ‘Saturn, the Greater Malefic and ruler of the 8th house, is stronger than the victim's significator, the Moon, and afflicts the 11 th house of hopes and dreams.’
  • 47) ‘Where afflicted or badly placed, Jupiter will produce negative traits through excess or weakness.’
  • 48) ‘A planet in detriment or fall is in a precarious condition, more so if it is peregrine or otherwise afflicted.’


  • 1) But a lesser plea of inflicting grievous bodily harm was accepted by the CPS.
  • 2) They will inflict economic damage, both there and here, for political capital.
  • 3) You may inflict this harm because you bear a grudge or, more likely, to extort some money.
  • 4) The parties are no longer merely scrutinising bills; they are trying to kill them, inflicting maximum damage on the other side.
  • 5) He pleaded guilty to criminal damage and inflicting grievous bodily harm.
  • 6) Rural location would inflict pain on fewer residents.
  • 7) The pair had argued that the publicity around the arrests had inflicted lasting damage on their reputations.
  • 8) Hundreds of refugees have been denied medical attention for injuries inflicted by government soldiers and police.
  • 9) But the charge of inflicting grievous bodily harm with intent was dropped.
  • 10) The brothers say the publicity about the raids had inflicted lasting damage on their reputations and business.
  • 11) Few of them have accepted or borne any responsibility for the damage they inflicted.
  • 12) My duty as shepherd is to point out the harm grumbling may inflict upon individuals and upon the church.
  • 13) He opts to work on the body as if he did not want to inflict any more pain on his rival.
  • 14) But the odds of more returning reservists taking their own lives or inflicting serious harm on themselves or others are high.
  • 15) That said, some people will complain about the pain inflicted on us all.
  • 16) Gone is the instinctive forward who needed just half a yard to inflict total damage while at Liverpool.
  • 17) Although both sides showed some decent passing moves, neither appeared to inflict much damage on the other.
  • 18) I wanted to inflict the maximum pain possible on him for heaping all this misery on my family.
  • 19) This time Broad inflicted the damage.
  • 20) He shared with a growing number of his compatriots an anxiety about the insensitive damage being inflicted on large parts of France.
  • 21) He was jailed yesterday for three years after admitting inflicting grievous bodily harm, but will be out early because of time served on remand.
  • 22) You didn't feel you'd accomplished anything unless you had inflicted mortal pain on your opponent.
  • 23) Nature and animals eased the pain humans inflicted,' she says softly.
  • 24) The justification that journalists can offer for the harm they inevitably inflict is to show, through their actions, their understanding that what they do matters and that it should be done with care.
  • 25) People need to realize that there are some critics out there who are willing in inflict real-world harm on anyone suspected of being part of ˜The Wedge. '
  • 26) There was always the risk that displaying these pictures might again inflict pain and fear on some viewers.
  • 27) The offense they inflict is a function of how the speaker intends them and how the listener interprets them, with intent and interpretation trapped in subtle feedback loop: Speaker intent is partly determined by the speaker’s belief about how the listener will react, interpretation turns on deciphering what was intended, and so on.
  • 28) But at Camp X-Ray, especially before ICRC (or International Committee of the Red Cross) arrived, I heard many times the IRF team being told (and telling each other before they went to get a detainee) that it was their time to "get some," which is to say inflict pain, get revenge.
  • 29) Now, they've got to get us to respond in such fashion that the damage that they can inflict, which is necessarily confined to a specific locale, is spread across the whole country.
  • 30) Nor will any one of the rulers in the Churches, however highly gifted he may be in point of eloquence, teach doctrines different from these (for no one is greater than the Master); nor, on the other hand, will he who is deficient in power of expression inflict injury on the tradition.
  • 31) ‘Its whip-like tail can drive a tail spine into an intruder and inflict a painful wound.’
  • 32) ‘It inflicts a painful sting that is sometimes deadly to humans, as well as to young, unprotected livestock and wildlife.’
  • 33) ‘Both the Greater Weever and the Lesser Weever are capable of inflicting a sharp and painful sting from the spiny rays of the first dorsal fin.’
  • 34) ‘But remember, the hand that inflicts the wound also holds the cure.’
  • 35) ‘She cut him on his side, inflicting wounds up to seven inches long.’
  • 36) ‘On this day in 1940 Leon Trotsky died in Mexico City from wounds inflicted by an assassin.’
  • 37) ‘He saw that the deceased had received stab wounds inflicted by the other man.’
  • 38) ‘My colleagues and I are living in a city recovering from the wounds inflicted last week.’
  • 39) ‘I grabbed the gaffing hook and managed to inflict a minor flesh wound in his calf before we called it quits.’
  • 40) ‘The defendant was found to have a stainless steel multi-tool with a knife blade on it which he had used to inflict the wounds.’
  • 41) ‘His strike hit home, knocking a few of the armoured scales loose and inflicting a minor wound.’
  • 42) ‘Wounds were inflicted by puncturing the plant material three times with a hypodermic needle.’
  • 43) ‘A blow of mild to moderate force with a knife could have inflicted such a wound.’
  • 44) ‘On any view you inflicted the fatal wounds with a knife and caused the victim's death.’
  • 45) ‘A single large rocket inflicts damage equivalent to that of a large mortar shell.’
  • 46) ‘The police say his wounds look as though they were inflicted by a knife.’
  • 47) ‘In the first place, stiffer sentences need to be imposed on any person who stabs or inflicts bodily harm on another person.’
  • 48) ‘And this time, the defeat of a civilisation will have been inflicted by its own side.’
  • 49) ‘But when one actively inflicts pain, on oneself or on others, there is excitement and jubilation in the spectacle of the pain.’
  • 50) ‘Foxhunting may be cruel, but it inflicts less pain on ‘sensible beings’ than fishing which, as a popular sport, is never going to be banned.’
  • 51) ‘We've tried everything to help him deal with his issues, to get him to talk and to make him realize that the way he inflicts his rage on those around him is totally unacceptable.’
  • 52) ‘But globalisation inflicts insecurities on many whose cultures are put on the defensive and whose civilisations, after ages of little change, are compelled to adapt to outside influences.’
  • 53) ‘At one level, this is certainly the case: the loss of a top operative inevitably inflicts some damage on the operational capabilities of an organisation.’
  • 54) ‘In addition to inflicting grave injustices on property owners, takings that transfer property to powerful private interests are not needed to rescue distressed urban areas.’
  • 55) ‘The latter returned fire, inflicting some casualties on the guerrillas.’
  • 56) ‘Their recklessness inflicts distress and suffering upon other people, to say nothing of the expense to which the ratepayers are put on keeping the sanatorium in full swing month after month.’
  • 57) ‘We were a fine guerilla force, inflicting a series of defeats on the party establishments.’
  • 58) ‘Party activists and trade unionists were going to inflict a string of defeats on the leadership on key policy areas.’
  • 59) ‘In 1783 and 1784, Tipu inflicts a series of crushing defeats on the armies of the East India Company.’
  • 60) ‘That luck will have to hold, as City inflicted one of the biggest defeats of the season on us earlier in the season.’

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