virus vs bacteria

virus bacteria


  • 1) A type of microscopic agent that causes an infectious disease; the disease so caused.
  • 2) archaic Venom, as produced by a poisonous animal etc.
  • 3) computing A computer virus.
  • 4) pathology, microbiology, virology A submicroscopic infectious organism, now understood to be a non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat. It requires a living cell to replicate, and often causes disease in the host organism.
  • 5) A disease caused by a virus.
  • 6) A computer program or series of commands that can replicate itself and that spreads by inserting copies of itself into other files or programs which users later transfer to other computers. Viruses usually have a harmful effect, as in erasing all the data on a disk.
  • 7) A harmful or destructive influence.
  • 8) Any of various submicroscopic agents that infect living organisms, often causing disease, and that consist of a single or double strand of RNA or DNA surrounded by a protein coat. Unable to replicate without a host cell, viruses are typically not considered living organisms.
  • 9) Fig.: Any morbid corrupting quality in intellectual or moral conditions; something that poisons the mind or the soul.
  • 10) (Med.), Archaic Contagious or poisonous matter, as of specific ulcers, the bite of snakes, etc.; -- applied to organic poisons.
  • 11) (Computers) a program or segment of program code that may make copies of itself (replicate), attach itself to other programs, and perform unwanted actions within a computer; also called computer virus or virus program. Such programs are almost always introduced into a computer without the knowledge or assent of its owner, and are often malicious, causing destructive actions such as erasing data on disk, but sometime only annoying, causing peculiar objects to appear on the display. The form of sociopathic mental disease that causes a programmer to write such a program has not yet been given a name. Compare trojan horse{3}.
  • 12) obsolescent the causative agent of a disease, .
  • 13) any of numerous submicroscopic complex organic objects which have genetic material and may be considered as living organisms but have no proper cell membrane, and thus cannot by themselves perform metabolic processes, requiring entry into a host cell in order to multiply. The simplest viruses have no lipid envelope and may be considered as complex aggregates of molecules, sometimes only a nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) and a coat protein. They are sometimes viewed as being on the borderline between living and nonliving objects. They are smaller than living cells in size, usually between 20 and 300 nm; thus they pass through standard filters, and were previously referred to as filterable virus. The manifestations of disease caused by multiplication of viruses in cells may be due to destruction of the cells caused by subversion of the cellular metabolic processes by the virus, or by synthesis of a virus-specific toxin. Viruses may infect animals, plants, or microorganisms; those infecting bacteria are also called bacteriophages. Certain bacteriophages may be non-destructive and benign in the host; -- see bacteriophage.
  • 14) (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
  • 15) a harmful or corrupting agency
  • 16) a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer
  • 17) Hence Figuratively, that which causes a degraded mental or moral state; moral or intellectual poison: as, the virus of sensuality.
  • 18) The contagium of an infectious disease; a poison produced in the body of one suffering from a contagious disease, and capable of exciting the same disease when introduced into another person by inoculation.
  • 19) Figuratively, virulence; extreme acrimony or bitterness; malignity.


  • 1) Plural form of bacterium.
  • 2) US A type, species, or strain of bacterium
  • 3) US, proscribed Alternative form of bacterium.
  • 4) pejorative, slang A derisive term for a lowlife or a slob (could be treated as plural or singular).
  • 5) dated, medicine An oval bacterium, as distinguished from a spherical coccus or rod-shaped bacillus
  • 6) Plural of bacterium, [capitalized] A genus of gressorial orthopterous insects, of the family Phasmidæ; the stick-insects or walking-sticks. B. sarmentosa is about 10 inches long. See Phasmidæ.
  • 7) See bacterium.


  • 1) The vast majority of coughs are caused by winter viruses.
  • 2) It targets the viruses that cause the bug before the symptoms worsen and engulf you.
  • 3) Some simple viruses can cause coughs that end up going way beyond the three-week average.
  • 4) The virus was also detected at a chicken farm in the west of Vendée.
  • 5) There are about 200 forms of the cold virus, and flu is caused by a different group of viruses.
  • 6) The presence of the virus was detected after his arrival here.
  • 7) Thus drugs capable of damaging viruses can damage the body cells as well.
  • 8) The thought of wild birds bringing a mysterious and deadly virus to these shores is not pleasant.
  • 9) Probably two thirds of us will encounter the flu virus but only a third will get symptoms.
  • 10) Older plants are likely to have virus diseases.
  • 11) Perhaps we are not so dissimilar from germs and viruses.
  • 12) Or maybe the computer had a virus.
  • 13) The usual cause is a virus and it typically clears within a week or two.
  • 14) But it is the only virus capable of invading arteries in the brain.
  • 15) The potentially deadly virus is spread via blood and damages the liver.
  • 16) Online criminals target computers using viruses that record debit and credit card details.
  • 17) Most sore throats are caused by viruses or tonsillitis.
  • 18) The apparent change means patients are more likely to pass on the deadly virus.
  • 19) Also that year there were scary stories predicting that some flu vaccines might claim more lives than the flu virus.
  • 20) The virus was first detected last June.
  • 21) That's too quick for the natural course of a virus disease.
  • 22) It was the first time the virus had been detected in Austria.
  • 23) This could rise dramatically if other vaccine makers turned their factories over to the production of a jab against a pandemic flu virus.
  • 24) And we have vaccines for almost all of the world's diseases and viruses.
  • 25) And these germs - unlike viruses - are blasted by antibiotics.
  • 26) Unfortunately for Google, one of these 427 recepients is a potential spammer, a script kiddie, who sent a malignant mail containing a virus attachment to some Satyendra Sheth, who inturn started speculating that Google (or someone similar) sent him a virus* ..!!
  • 27) VII were naturally blank-faced idiots before the virus came, or maybe the virus was forced to damage some vital part just in order to fight back -- but it was the _virus_ that was being killed by its own host, not the other way around. "
  • 28) The virus, a sub-type of Ebola virus [_Ebola Reston virus_ is now ranked as a distinct virus species in the genus
  • 29) The term "virus" is coined by researcher Fred Cohen, at the time a Ph.D. student at the University of Southern California, to describe self-replicating programs.
  • 30) The CD-ROM didn't contain a virus per se, because a virus circulates mainly across computer networks, entering a computer surreptitiously the way a disease organism enters a living host (hence the term virus).
  • 31) At least for some simple viruses we're already at the Jurassic Park stage; if the genetic code of a virus is available, it can always be rebuilt.
  • 32) The Register's story says that the virus is affecting Royal Navy warships like the carrier HMS Ark Royal.
  • 33) Because the virus is already quite widespread in different locations, containment is not a feasible optionRealistically, containment was never a sustainable option once the disease spread to any major city with a significant transportation hub.
  • 34) ‘When found outside of host cells, viruses exist as a protein coat or capsid, sometimes enclosed within a membrane.’
  • 35) ‘Such viruses enter the host cell and then rapidly multiply inside the cell before killing it.’
  • 36) ‘Bacteriophages fit the definition of parasite to a T. In many cases new viruses multiply inside a host until the bacterium simply rips apart.’
  • 37) ‘Unfortunately this means that a whole host of bacteria, viruses and prions are just waiting to be levelled at any of us at any time.’
  • 38) ‘The idea is to insert therapeutic genes directly into a patient's cells, using viruses or other agents as delivery vehicles.’
  • 39) ‘Among other things, biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, pollen, dust mites and moulds.’
  • 40) ‘Importers want their products cleared quickly but fungi and other plant pathogens like bacteria and viruses don't always like to reveal themselves.’
  • 41) ‘Numerous virulence genes in pathogenic bacteria and viruses have been shown to be under positive selection.’
  • 42) ‘Virtually all pathogenic bacteria, viruses and fungi are anaerobic and will be killed by hydrogen peroxide.’
  • 43) ‘The evolution of a virus within a host has been shown to be strongly influenced by its environment.’
  • 44) ‘All microbes, be it viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi or parasites interfere in research.’
  • 45) ‘Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria.’
  • 46) ‘A trend that is evident in the table is that viruses that infect bacteria are more tightly packed than the viruses that infect eukaryotic cells.’
  • 47) ‘Herpes and other viruses come with protein tool kits of their own.’
  • 48) ‘It may be difficult to recognize the virus within the cells due to the presence of similar sized ribosomes.’
  • 49) ‘Bacteria and some viruses multiply and mutate rapidly, and can evolve much more quickly than we can develop new drugs to fight them.’
  • 50) ‘A large number of viruses emerge from the host cell before it dies.’
  • 51) ‘White blood cells chase bacteria and viruses, preventing us from getting sick.’
  • 52) ‘Leucodepletion also reduces transmission rates of other cell associated viruses such as cytomegalovirus.’
  • 53) ‘The most recent problem has been a virus and she comes into the tournament short on match play.’
  • 54) ‘Been off sick with a virus for like AGES!!!’
  • 55) ‘After some months when it became clear that my malady wasn't disappearing like a good virus, this burden fell on my husband.’
  • 56) ‘A computer virus or spyware application is sending us automated requests, and it appears that your computer or network has been infected.’
  • 57) ‘Hewlett-Packard has distributed printer drivers corrupted by a computer virus.’
  • 58) ‘A computer virus which affected the operation of Google yesterday is spreading like wildfire.’
  • 59) ‘With every announcement of a big computer virus, the number of ‘experts’ double.’
  • 60) ‘Pennsylvania makes it crime to spread a computer virus.’
  • 61) ‘After his two best friends are shown the door, he hatches a plot with them to steal money from the firm by planting a money-siphoning computer virus within its system’
  • 62) ‘Opening a file could expose your system to a computer virus or a program that could hijack your modem.’
  • 63) ‘Almost one in every three Internet users in the United States has been hit by either a computer virus or a hacker in the past two years.’
  • 64) ‘How do you stop a computer virus from spreading and infecting other computers?’
  • 65) ‘Japanese newspaper Daily Yomiuri reports that police suspect that a computer virus might have sucked up this sensitive data and spread it over the Net.’
  • 66) ‘Anyone who has been hit by a computer virus will be doubly wary of unexpected emails in the future that may contain viruses.’
  • 67) ‘Because this malware can be transferred from machine to machine on a removable disk, and requires user interaction to spread, it is, quite simply, a computer virus.’
  • 68) ‘They were unprepared for operations being interrupted by a system crash or the arrival of a computer virus through email.’
  • 69) ‘But on the same day of that announcement, the mighty Google was also the victim of a computer virus that killed the search for most users for hours.’
  • 70) ‘So Thomas decided to exact revenge by surreptitiously placing a vicious computer virus on Scott's machine which destroyed his hard drive.’
  • 71) ‘The Justice Department has blamed a computer virus for the delay.’
  • 72) ‘According to media reports, the 2003 Pan American Games have been disrupted by a computer virus.’
  • 73) ‘My car caught a computer virus from my mobile phone.’
  • 74) ‘Specifically, it aims to help businesses understand and protect against the most common IT-related risks, such as viruses.’
  • 75) ‘Combine viruses with the scourge of spam and you have two heavy anchors dragging down Irish productivity.’


  • 1) His eyes glowed bright purple with the light of luminescent bacteria colonies implanted in his irises.
  • 2) Rhodes thought of Van Vliet's new theory, the floating soup of amino acids out of which wondrously virulent bacteria would be generated.
  • 3) Though you might think it of no consequence, the spontaneous evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria is very major from the point of view of a bacterium.
  • 4) Protection against infection by certain bacteria is based on immunity to this sugar coating (and not the whole bacteria).
  • 5) As already mentioned, the photosynthetic apparatus in bacteria is simpler than in algae and higher plants.
  • 6) Photosynthesis in bacteria is simpler than in algae and higher plants, but the work now rewarded has led to increased understanding of photosynthesis in these organisms as well.
  • 7) Hoffman in 1869, since which date the term bacteria, as applying to this special group of organisms, has been coming more and more into use.
  • 8) These two classes of germs are foreign to the present topic, which is surgery; and I shall, therefore, confine my remarks to that group of vegetable parasites to which the term bacteria has been given.
  • 9) Peaceful coexistence between humans and the bacteria is the need of the hour.
  • 10) Resisting infections by producing immune factors and removing bacteria from the bloodstream.
  • 11) Mung: This means I acknowledge exponential growth can be observed in bacteria in culture.

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