endemic vs epidemic

endemic epidemic

Definitions

  • 1) An individual or species that is endemic to a region.
  • 2) An endemic plant or animal.
  • 3) (Med.) An endemic disease.
  • 4) a plant that is native to a certain limited area
  • 5) a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
  • 6) A prevalence of endemic disease.
  • 7) Prevalent in a particular area or region.
  • 8) Peculiar to a particular area or region; not found in other places.
  • 9) Native to a particular area or culture; originating where it occurs.
  • 10) Native to or limited to a certain region.
  • 11) Prevalent in or limited to a particular locality, region, or people.
  • 12) Common in or inherent to an enterprise or situation.
  • 13) (Med.) Peculiar to a district or particular locality, or class of persons.
  • 14) Belonging or native to a particular people or country; native as distinguished from introduced or naturalized; hence, regularly or ordinarily occurring in a given region; local; ; -- often distinguished from exotic.
  • 15) native to or confined to a certain region
  • 16) Peculiar to a people or nation, or to the residents of a particular locality: chiefly applied to diseases.
  • 17) In phytogeography, properly, confined to a particular region, whether indigenous or not: sometimes confused with indigenous.
  • 18) In phytogeography and zoögeog., peculiar to and characteristic of a locality or region, as a plant or an animal; indigenous or autochthonous in some region, and not elsewhere.

Definitions

  • 1) epidemiology An occurrence of a disease or disorder in a population at a frequency higher than that expected in a given time period.
  • 2) A widespread disease that affects many individuals in a population.
  • 3) A rapid spread, growth, or development.
  • 4) An outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely.
  • 5) Anything which takes possession of the minds of people as an epidemic does of their bodies.
  • 6) (Med.) An epidemic disease.
  • 7) a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time
  • 8) A temporary prevalence of a disease throughout a community: as, an epidemic of smallpox.
  • 9) The disease thus prevalent.
  • 10) Like or having to do with an epidemic; widespread
  • 11) Spreading rapidly and extensively by infection and affecting many individuals in an area or a population at the same time.
  • 12) Widely prevalent.
  • 13) Spreading widely, or generally prevailing; affecting great numbers, as an epidemic does
  • 14) (Med.) Common to, or affecting at the same time, a large number in a community; -- applied to a disease which, spreading widely, attacks many persons at the same time; See endemic.
  • 15) (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously
  • 16) Common to or affecting a whole people or a great number in a community; generally diffused and prevalent.

Examples

  • 1) More troubling is the endemic problem of which it is a symptom.
  • 2) Our advice is that in endemic areas you should keep cats indoors and dogs on the lead.
  • 3) What is meant by the term endemic disease?
  • 4) There is another area where false accusations have become endemic.
  • 5) The watchdog said the problem was endemic in the industry.
  • 6) The perception today is of an organisation in which corruption is endemic.
  • 7) These diseases are referred to as endemic diseases.
  • 8) It is an endemic problem for natural resources companies.
  • 9) The disease then becomes endemic and one is committed to a continuing policy of annual vaccination.
  • 10) In this case we say the disease has become endemic.
  • 11) Calling for a public inquiry can really be the beginning of the end of this endemic national problem.
  • 12) Corruption remains endemic and inflation high.
  • 13) By now, sabotage has become endemic.
  • 14) Thus disregard for the law, petty bribery and corruption were endemic.
  • 15) Promised bureaucratic and rural reforms will take effect only slowly, not least because corruption is endemic.
  • 16) Knife crime has become endemic.
  • 17) It now has endemic unemployment.
  • 18) There is still no need to panic, but if you are in an endemic area you should keep your cats indoors.
  • 19) He added: 'It is time to get tough on this endemic crime.
  • 20) He said: 'It is a sort of corruption that has become endemic in the system.
  • 21) It should stop subsidising incompetent providers and employers through the New Deal and allow failure to become an endemic part of the system.
  • 22) ‘Parasitic infections are endemic among this population.’
  • 23) ‘Rocky Mountain spotted fever is endemic in North, Central, and South America.’
  • 24) ‘Poverty is endemic in the South and it is spreading to the North.’
  • 25) ‘The disease is still endemic in many Latin American countries and large epidemics of rubella occur periodically.’
  • 26) ‘The new president inherited an economy in ruins and corruption so endemic it had become a way of life.’
  • 27) ‘Shortages have become endemic to many regions, as record drought and population sprawl sap rivers and aquifers.’
  • 28) ‘In fact the problem is so endemic that it hardly bares thinking about it, particularly by politicians.’
  • 29) ‘Malaria was endemic and contributed considerably to the degree of anaemia observed.’
  • 30) ‘Malaria is endemic and is a cause of premature death.’
  • 31) ‘Of course, it is not the only country to suffer from endemic corruption.’
  • 32) ‘Diseases endemic in Europe, such as typhoid and influenza, became major causes of morbidity and death.’
  • 33) ‘And there is no doubt the endemic poverty in the country is a barrier to innovation.’
  • 34) ‘The district records one of the country's highest suicides rates, mainly due to endemic poverty.’
  • 35) ‘Why is political stability so elusive, and why are violence and rights violations so endemic?’
  • 36) ‘I can hardly describe the sense of anger and betrayal and sheer disillusionment now endemic in the staff.’
  • 37) ‘When the eradication initiative was launched in 1988 polio was endemic in 125 countries.’
  • 38) ‘The mistake has been endemic in this country when you would think we should know better.’
  • 39) ‘Unfortunately TB, Hepatitis B and HIV are all endemic in these parts of the world.’
  • 40) ‘The vast coastal swamps caused by centuries of deforestation made malaria endemic in many parts of central and southern Italy.’
  • 41) ‘Again, it would be insane to pretend that everything is OK: poverty remains endemic.’
  • 42) ‘The shaded area indicates the endemic zone of Argentine hemorrhagic fever’
  • 43) ‘Examples calling for immunization include travel to endemic areas or intravenous drug use during pregnancy.’
  • 44) ‘Leishmaniasis should be considered in any person from an endemic area who has chronic localized skin lesions.’
  • 45) ‘In patients from endemic areas, Lyme disease may be diagnosed on clinical grounds alone in the presence of erythema migrans.’
  • 46) ‘In one study, researchers found that these patients constitute 18 percent of Lyme disease cases in endemic areas during the summer months.’
  • 47) ‘Typhoid fever immunization is recommended for travelers going to highly endemic areas in Central and South America, the Indian subcontinent, and Africa.’
  • 48) ‘Attempts to control infection and disease in many endemic areas have not been uniformly successful.’
  • 49) ‘Other countries may require proof of vaccination if a person is traveling from an endemic area to prevent introduction of the disease.’
  • 50) ‘Most cases of cutaneous myiasis in the United States occur in persons returning from these endemic areas.’
  • 51) ‘However, travelers visiting endemic areas may be affected by this disease if they do not take proper precautionary hygienic measures.’
  • 52) ‘Because travellers to endemic areas are also at risk, healthcare providers should have an understanding of the spectrum of infection, how to diagnose it, and what the appropriate treatment is.’
  • 53) ‘Using drugs that simply kill off the worms in the human host, but do not prevent re-infection may seem futile when re-infection is almost inevitable in endemic areas.’
  • 54) ‘Therefore, daily self-examination is recommended for persons who engage in outdoor activities in endemic areas.’
  • 55) ‘It is indicated for use in laboratory workers involved with the virus and in persons planning to travel to endemic areas.’
  • 56) ‘In endemic areas the World Bank and others widely promote routine regular mass treatment of children with anthelmintics’
  • 57) ‘Malaria should be the first consideration in a febrile traveler who has returned from an endemic area.’
  • 58) ‘In contrast, many individuals who reside in endemic areas have fibrotic calcified nodes that are of no clinical importance.’
  • 59) ‘Andaman Islands is a highly endemic area for leptospirosis 4,5-8 with more than 50 per cent seroprevalence.’
  • 60) ‘In highly endemic areas, at most 20 to 30 percent of deer ticks are infected with B. burgdorferi.’
  • 61) ‘Resistance in V. cholerae is being encountered in most of the endemic areas 37,38.’
  • 62) ‘About 221 plant species are endemic to this peninsular state.’
  • 63) ‘Most of the Chinese Impatiens species are endemic to the country or are restricted to a number of provinces.’
  • 64) ‘However, many other species are endemic to the North and many more seasonal migrants depend on northern environments for a significant part of their life history.’
  • 65) ‘All four species are endemic to Madagascar and are found primarily in rainforests.’
  • 66) ‘Five percent of the flora is endemic to the Southern Appalachians.’
  • 67) ‘Yet it is also a global hot spot of biodiversity, with scores of endemic species of amphibians, birds, mammals, plants, and reptiles.’
  • 68) ‘This species is endemic to Crete and has stunning large flowers, tinted with warm purple.’
  • 69) ‘Researchers will determine if the species is endemic to Kalimantan.’
  • 70) ‘The Albertine Rift harbors more endemic mammals, birds, and amphibians than any other region in Africa.’
  • 71) ‘About half of the species are endemic to these islands and are found nowhere else on Earth.’
  • 72) ‘However this is a highly endemic fauna, and may represent an ecological succession.’
  • 73) ‘Many of the genera that evolved in the tropical and subtropical Americas remained endemic to the region.’
  • 74) ‘During the past decades the health of the endemic species has been seriously threatened.’
  • 75) ‘The endemic bryozoan genera tend to be more poorly sampled than the cosmopolitan genera.’
  • 76) ‘Distributional patterns of the 78 most endemic genera are shown in Table 3.’
  • 77) ‘The Nene (also called Hawaiian) goose is Hawaii's state bird and endemic to the islands.’
  • 78) ‘If domesticated flocks are worthy of eagle protection, surely nearly extinct endemic taxa are as well.’
  • 79) ‘Thus, it appears that this species also may be nearly endemic to cedar glades of the southeastern United States.’
  • 80) ‘Ornithologists describe them as endemic, birds that have evolved into distinctive species because of the insularity of their habitats.’
  • 81) ‘Most species of Metagentiana are herbaceous local endemics growing in alpine scrub, meadows and coniferous forests.’
  • 82) ‘The plant communities of southern Appalachian wetlands include endemics that exist in the unique microhabitats of the region.’
  • 83) ‘Thus, low temperatures have led to selection for a high proportion of local endemics and species endemic to mountain peaks.’
  • 84) ‘Schizoendemic taxa are vicariant endemics with identical chromosome numbers.’
  • 85) ‘These could be due to the fact that most of the non-endemic species within this group have adapted to ruderal areas, while none of the endemics occupies this kind of habitat.’
  • 86) ‘Island endemics arise frequently from mainland ancestors in many taxonomic groups, so large numbers of phylogenetically independent comparisons can be made.’
  • 87) ‘The origins of these island endemics are unknown.’
  • 88) ‘Many rare scrub endemics are associated with mechanical disturbances to the soil such as fire lanes, plow lines, sandy roads and gopher tortoise burrows.’
  • 89) ‘Despite these recent studies, however, detailed investigations of the effects of fire on most scrub endemics have not been carried out.’
  • 90) ‘The endemics have been estimated to originate from about 120 successful original colonization events.’
  • 91) ‘Madagascan endemics include Cophylinae and Scaphiophryninae; the former are predominantly tree frogs, the latter are terrestrial and semi-fossorial.’
  • 92) ‘There are 2,827 natives, 1,318 non-natives, and 228 endemics.’
  • 93) ‘The prairies of the central plains likewise contain few endemics.’
  • 94) ‘Many endangered endemics of the Florida scrub are specialized for gaps.’
  • 95) ‘Some of the endemics may always have been rare, but most are suffering from the loss of habitat, owing to the creation of citrus groves and other forms of development.’
  • 96) ‘Island populations and insular endemics thus appear to be especially vulnerable to extinction due to genetic factors.’
  • 97) ‘Divided by geographic region, local experts describe the climate, geology and soils of each community as well as the flora and fauna with special attention to endemics.’
  • 98) ‘They also reported that many of the limestone cedar glade endemics grow well under cultivation in a greenhouse mixture of calcareous topsoil and river sand.’

Examples

  • 1) The failure to tackle the epidemic reflects decades of underfunding.
  • 2) Risk refusal spreads like an epidemic.
  • 3) Some bestselling yoghurts may be sold in smaller pots or have their sugar content cut as the health watchdog tries to tackle the obesity epidemic.
  • 4) Then not long after that there was an Aids epidemic, and a crack epidemic.
  • 5) The obesity epidemic shows that people are eating too much in relation to their needs.
  • 6) Or that the nation is apparently in the grip of a measles epidemic.
  • 7) Whether a disease is epidemic or endemic depends on the disease and the population.
  • 8) The shocking rise in obesity has reached epidemic proportions.
  • 9) The blueprint is designed to tackle the overcrowding epidemic.
  • 10) Experts fear the epidemic could spread overseas.
  • 11) The ebola epidemic has still not been entirely overcome.
  • 12) Areas with particular epidemics can become depressed.
  • 13) Such a widespread epidemic is termed a pandemic.
  • 14) The following year they were ravaged by disease as various epidemics swept through the land.
  • 15) It reached epidemic proportions about five years ago.
  • 16) Now that you get email on your phone, it has become epidemic.
  • 17) RECORD numbers are seeking protective jabs in a city gripped by a measles epidemic.
  • 18) Scores of other women lurking on the nearby pavements streamed in to join them, hoisting placards demanding action to end the cholera epidemic.
  • 19) COMPUTER games are triggering an anxiety epidemic in young people, experts have warned.
  • 20) It is a rich and absorbing story about the 1918 epidemic of Spanish influenza.
  • 21) His mother died when he was a year old, during the 1918 influenza epidemic.
  • 22) While I've argued plenty of times before about the media's irrepressibly giddy lust for slapping the term "epidemic" on any and every problem that effects a large enough group, there are far too many obscenely overweight people across this great land of ours, and if you think it's simply a personal decision that affects no one but them and the Wal-Mart scooters whose suspension systems they push to the point of collapse, think again.
  • 23) Authorities in Mexico, where 40 more deaths are suspected to have resulted from the disease, and some 1,000 patients are under observation, are already using the term epidemic, but the WHO has not yet gone so far.
  • 24) MARC, Haiti — Haiti's cholera epidemic is adding fresh urgency to the need to upgrade the country's water and sanitation network, a pivotal step to containing the highly infectious and deadly disease that spreads through contaminated water.
  • 25) Mr. Vance criticized what he called an epidemic of "greed and corruption" that imposes "a hidden billion-dollar-a-year-tax on New York City's construction industry."
  • 26) Now, last month, as many people know, the airlines and the FAA met to talk about just how to fix what they call epidemic delays, especially at JFK.
  • 27) Personally, who do you think is responsible for what you call the epidemic of obesity?
  • 28) ‘The hugely controversial contiguous cull of livestock to combat the foot-and-mouth epidemic was stoutly defended by the Government.’
  • 29) ‘The current cholera epidemic sweeping the nation needs the urgent attention of both authorities and the affected communities.’
  • 30) ‘I remembered hearing about the cholera epidemic which had struck just before I was born.’
  • 31) ‘A current topic of conversation is the world-wide SARS epidemic.’
  • 32) ‘As a result the country's cholera epidemic continues, with more than 140,000 cases since August 2000.’
  • 33) ‘The foot-and-mouth epidemic sweeping Europe and causing the cancellation of numerous race meetings will not affect Spain's bullfighting season.’
  • 34) ‘The worst scenario for the current SARS epidemic would be if it stormed into China's vast rural areas.’
  • 35) ‘The U.S. government is preparing for a global flu epidemic.’
  • 36) ‘Well below sea level, it suffered from floods and devastating yellow fever epidemics.’
  • 37) ‘Is the government capable of preventing a bird flu epidemic?’
  • 38) ‘Between 1555 and 1559 an influenza epidemic swept through the lowlands of England and Wales and killed around 200,000 people.’
  • 39) ‘Although scattered outbreaks occurred earlier, the first major yellow fever epidemics in America broke out during the 1790s.’
  • 40) ‘Some Indian tribes experienced epidemics of measles and influenza, with infant mortality rates reaching 50 percent.’
  • 41) ‘They are there throughout one's lunch, determined to cause an epidemic of dyspepsia.’
  • 42) ‘Vaccination is currently below the level needed to avoid epidemics of measles - a potentially life-threatening infection.’
  • 43) ‘In recent weeks an epidemic of measles broke out.’
  • 44) ‘The ship's cook came down with the mumps and an onboard epidemic occurred.’
  • 45) ‘So, you might not be aware there's a problem unless a virus epidemic occurs.’
  • 46) ‘Doctors there were seeing many cases of diarrhoeal disease and feared epidemics of dysentery and cholera.’
  • 47) ‘So children were dying in very large numbers from epidemics of infectious illness.’
  • 48) ‘Hunger and oppression have spawned an epidemic of violent crime.’
  • 49) ‘I do not mean that the recent phenomenon of substance abuse epidemics and passive welfare has turned good health into bad.’
  • 50) ‘We have a sudden epidemic of obesity that has emerged over the past 15 years.’
  • 51) ‘A few years later the heroin epidemic swept through Harlem and was devastating.’
  • 52) ‘The idea of UV lights in public laboratories was first pioneered in Edinburgh, a city with a heroin epidemic.’
  • 53) ‘It was around this time that the heroin epidemic in Dublin was really bad and a number of people had died.’
  • 54) ‘It was just at the start of the heroin epidemic that laid waste to Scotland's most vulnerable estates.’
  • 55) ‘The historical cases - including the two we have worked on - suggest that ‘open marginality’ describes groups where heroin epidemics occur.’
  • 56) ‘Oppressed groups - at least those we've talked about here - were oppressed before a heroin epidemic took off.’
  • 57) ‘Only some months ago, in the face of an epidemic of heroin deaths, they miraculously produced mobile vans and suddenly found extra places for addicts.’
  • 58) ‘Poverty adds to the likelihood of a heroin epidemic, because it amplifies the role of the underground economy.’
  • 59) ‘Now, each individual loss is a tragedy for the family, but we're not saying that there's an epidemic of crime in the United States.’
  • 60) ‘On the other side of the comic-coin, the Government and the police are exploring rather curious ways of dealing with the crime epidemic.’
  • 61) ‘Every year there seems to be a new crime wave epidemic that the media seems to play up, but six months later they've forgotten about it.’
  • 62) ‘A number of approaches should be explored to combat the growing obesity epidemic.’
  • 63) ‘What's behind the nation's fatness epidemic?’
  • 64) ‘What she uncovers is an epidemic of unimaginable proportions within the world's most prosperous nation.’
  • 65) ‘The epidemic of gun violence in our society calls for some drastic solution.’
  • 66) ‘The harshness of these practices would suggest that we are in the throes of an epidemic of school violence.’
  • 67) ‘To be more specific, there is an epidemic of methamphetamine abuse.’
  • 68) ‘Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has reached epidemic proportions.’
  • 69) ‘HIV has reached epidemic proportions in India.’
  • 70) ‘Although Type 2 diabetes mellitus appears in almost epidemic proportions our knowledge of the mechanism of this disease is limited.’
  • 71) ‘Cardiovascular disease has reached near epidemic proportions in Africa.’
  • 72) ‘Scalp ringworm is reaching epidemic proportions in parts of Britain's cities.’
  • 73) ‘Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in this country, particularly among the Aboriginal population.’
  • 74) ‘The nineteenth century developed a number of causative theories for the finite nature of epidemic disease.’
  • 75) ‘The prevalence of obesity in the United States has reached epidemic proportions.’
  • 76) ‘In short, humanity faces a growing global mental illness crisis of epidemic proportions.’
  • 77) ‘The incidence of skin cancer is increasing by epidemic proportions.’
  • 78) ‘A timebomb disease has reached epidemic proportions in East Yorkshire with specialists seeing more and more cases of a once-rare fatal cancer.’
  • 79) ‘During this earlier period (and to a certain extent even now), middle ear disease was of epidemic proportions in the north.’
  • 80) ‘In the end the disease could spread in epidemic proportions.’
  • 81) ‘The disease assumed epidemic proportions for the first time in Taiwan in 1998, claiming 70 lives.’
  • 82) ‘Asbestos disease is reaching epidemic proportions in Australia.’
  • 83) ‘They got the message across effectively enough to stop the disease reaching epidemic proportions.’
  • 84) ‘The body louse, Pediculus humanus corporis, is a vector of epidemic typhus, trench fever, and relapsing fever.’
  • 85) ‘Typhoid fever had risen to epidemic proportions among migrant workers in the borough communities of London during this time.’
  • 86) ‘Diabetes is reaching epidemic proportions in Ireland.’
  • 87) ‘When a sickness reaches epidemic proportions, there is a frantic search for a cure.’
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