bourgeoisie vs bourgeois

bourgeoisie bourgeois


  • 1) a class of citizens who were wealthier members of the Third Estate
  • 2) Marxism The capitalist class.
  • 3) The middle class.
  • 4) In Marxist theory, the social group opposed to the proletariat in the class struggle.
  • 5) The French middle class, particularly such as are concerned in, or dependent on, trade.
  • 6) Properly, the French middle classes, but often applied to the middle classes of any country, especially those depending on trade.


  • 1) rare An individual member of the middle class.
  • 2) politics, collectively The middle class.
  • 3) A person with bourgeois values and attitudes.
  • 4) An individual member of the bourgeoisie, one of the three estates.
  • 5) Marxism Anyone deemed to be an exploiter of the proletariat, a capitalist.
  • 6) A person belonging to the middle class.
  • 7) A person whose attitudes and behavior are marked by conformity to the standards and conventions of the middle class.
  • 8) In Marxist theory, a member of the property-owning class; a capitalist.
  • 9) rare A burgess; a citizen. See 2d bourgeois.
  • 10) (Print.) A size of type between long primer and brevier. See type.
  • 11) France. A man of middle rank in society; one of the shopkeeping class.
  • 12) (Print.) See 1st bourgeois.
  • 13) a capitalist who engages in industrial commercial enterprise
  • 14) A small French coin of the fourteenth century.
  • 15) See bourgeois.
  • 16) In France, a citizen; a burgher; a man of middle rank.
  • 17) This line is printed in bourgeois.
  • 18) A size of printing-type measuring about 100 lines to the foot, next larger than brevier and smaller than long-primer.
  • 19) Of or relating to the middle class, especially its attitudes and conventions.
  • 20) Conventional, conservative and materialistic.
  • 21) Marxism Of or relating to capitalist exploitation of the proletariat.
  • 22) Belonging to the middle class.
  • 23) Of, relating to, or typical of the middle class, especially in holding conventional attitudes and materialistic values.
  • 24) belonging to the middle class
  • 25) (according to Marxist thought) being of the property-owning class and exploitive of the working class
  • 26) Belonging to or consisting of trades-people or citizens of middle rank: as, bourgeois surroundings; the bourgeois class of France.
  • 27) Wanting in dignity or refinement; common; mean.


  • 1) They occupy a contradictory class location between the petty bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
  • 2) The main axis of stratification in capitalist societies is the struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
  • 3) Managers and supervisors occupy a contradictory class location between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
  • 4) Members of the petty bourgeoisie employ no workers and therefore cannot rely on the exploitation of labor for their income.
  • 5) By implication, class conflict is primarily a struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
  • 6) There is one basic social class within this simple commodity mode, the petty bourgeoisie.
  • 7) The British bourgeoisie always pursued its interests in a transnational context (cf.
  • 8) Many layers of management, most of it very highly paid, has inserted itself in the gap between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
  • 9) I came from a very different stable - Glasgow petty bourgeoisie with no inherited wealth.
  • 10) Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other -- bourgeoisie and proletariat.
  • 11) Unlike the petty bourgeoisie, they employ at least one worker, and therefore at least part of their income is derived from the exploitation of labor power.
  • 12) ‘The legacy of Stalinism has been to create massive confusion in the former-Soviet working class, which has enabled the national bourgeoisies to re-establish themselves on the same lines as in 1920.’
  • 13) ‘The creation of these states with their rival bourgeoisies only served to divide the powerful working class of the sub-continent and subjugate them to the dictates of finance capital.’
  • 14) ‘To offset these dangers, the UN brought together three basic forces - the imperialist powers, led by the US; the Stalinist bureaucracy in the USSR; and the national bourgeoisies in the colonial and economically backward countries.’
  • 15) ‘Whilst the bourgeoisies of Europe are seeking to make the European Union a basis for resisting US power, geography and economics leave Canada's rulers with no alternative but to accommodate themselves to the demands of US imperialism.’
  • 16) ‘But it is not so clear that this weakening of states increases the possibility of the political independence or autonomy of oppressed nations within them, because the bourgeoisies of the weakened nation-states in question fight back.’
  • 17) ‘This does not mean, however, that the jockeying for advantage between these two bourgeoisies has ended, nor that the threat that their rivalry could spin out of control and into a conflagration has been lifted.’
  • 18) ‘Since the 1947 communal partition of the subcontinent, both of these bourgeoisies have made the conflict against the rival state central to their ruling ideologies.’
  • 19) ‘The major European bourgeoisies had become imperial powers, brutally exploiting their colonial possessions and often suppressing basic democratic rights at home.’
  • 20) ‘The decline of bourgeois representation reflects international trends that have seen the disappearance of distinctive national and regional bourgeoisies.’
  • 21) ‘Faced with the undermining of national power, the regional bourgeoisies seek their own deals with international corporations and financial bodies.’
  • 22) ‘The British, Irish and American bourgeoisies framed the Agreement in order to meet the demands of global finance capital.’
  • 23) ‘Brazil's efforts are undermined by the extreme weakness of the other Latin American bourgeoisies.’
  • 24) ‘They did this by campaigning for Popular Alliances and Popular Fronts with the native bourgeoisies.’
  • 25) ‘When the age of catacombs arrives, the word is not highly valued for the intellectual bourgeoisie.’
  • 26) ‘But in doing so, he preserved the material power of the bourgeoisie, thus regenerating their political power.’
  • 27) ‘Scum they are, the hate-filled bourgeoisie of Middle-England.’
  • 28) ‘This same fear has shaped the British bourgeoisie's attitude to the EU project.’
  • 29) ‘In short, he shared the attitude of a large section of the German bourgeoisie.’
  • 30) ‘The rise of the bourgeoisie at the end of the eighteenth century created a demand for more pictures.’
  • 31) ‘In fact, the remaking of the bourgeoisie was much more limited than the remaking of bourgeois values.’
  • 32) ‘That means that in capitalist economies the bourgeoisie will be the ruling class.’
  • 33) ‘The working class cannot rely on the corrupt and reactionary bourgeoisie to defend democratic rights or oppose fascism.’
  • 34) ‘Whatever the referendum result, the bourgeoisie will press ahead with its offensive against the working class.’
  • 35) ‘If our side respects bourgeois democracy, the bourgeoisie will overturn it in defence of its own interests.’
  • 36) ‘But this has been carried out exclusively in the interests of the bourgeoisie and at the expense of the working class.’


  • 1) There is no youthful revolution against bourgeois values.
  • 2) The whiff of rebellion against bourgeois convention appeals to the fashionably rebellious bourgeoisie.
  • 3) He came back like the good bourgeois that he was.
  • 4) And what a piece of petit bourgeois mediocrity it is.
  • 5) By the standard of past royal marriages he is a model of bourgeois respectability.
  • 6) It was "democratic" reform within the limits of bourgeois society.
  • 7) He feared that it would be too shocking for bourgeois society and his daughters.
  • 8) Perhaps the idea of a self is a modern, bourgeois contrivance.
  • 9) There was a bourgeois revolution of a sort, but a failed one.
  • 10) Now it is about that old bourgeois value, good housekeeping.
  • 11) Indeed, to disguise a subversive anarchist bomb as bourgeois respectability.
  • 12) Perhaps bourgeois society and marriage aren't to blame at all.
  • 13) It was a solidly bourgeois family, and proud of it.
  • 14) By missing out on a bourgeois revolution like Russia, we failed to properly evolve.
  • 15) Work, like other considerations of a bourgeois society, is very little discussed.
  • 16) When he came out of prison, he gave up political activism for the anonymity and stability of a bourgeois French family life.
  • 17) Before he met her, he was more sports fan than politician, born into a bourgeois family with no interest in politics.
  • 18) _Le bourgeois et sa dame_ would watch them with kindly interest, deeming it a kindness not to tell them that there were no trains after twelve; and when the lovers at last determined that they must depart, _le bourgeois_ and _la bourgeoise_ would tell them that their room was quite ready, that there was no possibility of returning to Paris that night.
  • 19) He, for example, coined the term bourgeois, as we understand it.
  • 20) She laughed heartily, teased Paul about his accent and what she called his bourgeois ideas.
  • 21) Tell a plains Indian that he has failed to steal horses from the neighboring tribe, or tell a man living in bourgeois society that he has failed to pay his bills at the neighboring grocer's, and the results are the same.
  • 22) Each, plains Indian and bourgeois, is smeared with a slightly different veneer, that is all.
  • 23) It was on a par with all the rest that Brissenden had condemned in bourgeois society.
  • 24) Many true libertarians (most of whom have nothing to do with politics) still believe in bourgeois values as a guidline for thier lives.
  • 25) To identify a given ideology and theoretical position as bourgeois, or petty bourgeois, is often valid; but it is never sufficient.
  • 26) A proprietor who had capital enough to invest in trading goods and supplies was called a bourgeois.
  • 27) ‘What is remembered is their immorality and their rejection of bourgeois values applied to family, society and the formal concept of beauty.’
  • 28) ‘In fact, throughout the 19th century, the French state was a bourgeois state which echoed middle-class needs and values.’
  • 29) ‘Illegitimacy, welfare dependency, and criminality were more prevalent than in the South, with its much stronger bourgeois values.’
  • 30) ‘Bad memories resurface as each character's hidden resentment is revealed, from redundancy to marital rejection and disillusionment with bourgeois values.’
  • 31) ‘It thought it was so much better than its parents, those class-bound dinosaurs whose bourgeois values it thought it was systematically eliminating.’
  • 32) ‘People in the privileged classes can sniff at bourgeois values and still turn out O.K. because they eventually grow up.’
  • 33) ‘Sadly, this means that instead of remaining at the cutting edge of creativity, London designers are sometimes forced to take on bourgeois values.’
  • 34) ‘Could it be that in just two years the scourge of bourgeois values is now entering the American mainstream?’
  • 35) ‘They both were scions of bourgeois families, raised and living in a typical middle class milieu.’
  • 36) ‘The sensuality of the dance and the lyrics emphasizing lowlife values and language challenged bourgeois morality and dominant views on appropriate female behavior.’
  • 37) ‘This was a prosperous time for Bavaria and there developed a flourishing art market, concentrating on conventional, unchallenging bourgeois genre pieces.’
  • 38) ‘The more the peasant exerted himself in response to the government's plea for more production, the more he prospered and developed bourgeois attitudes.’
  • 39) ‘He analyzed bourgeois culture which conveniently precluded his being absorbed by it.’
  • 40) ‘There's a famous letter he wrote to his brother, denouncing him for not accepting the bourgeois values.’
  • 41) ‘Divorces were concentrated among middle-class and bourgeois women living in the towns of northern France.’
  • 42) ‘Hippies seem to come from largely bourgeois families.’
  • 43) ‘The Middle East became the lover she could not have and a refuge from the bourgeois England of her family.’
  • 44) ‘The slate had to be cleaned of all bourgeois conventions, traditions and expectations.’
  • 45) ‘Rational recreation was best expressed in the suburban ideal of the bourgeois family home that had clearly emerged by 1850.’
  • 46) ‘His work is critical of bourgeois values, particularly sexual repression, and exposes hypocrisy.’
  • 47) ‘The social democrats gambled on bourgeois democracy and the stability of capitalism.’
  • 48) ‘British capitalism is a bourgeois democracy, and both bits of that label are important.’
  • 49) ‘At one point, Communists said that bourgeois democracy was a step forward from feudalism.’
  • 50) ‘Pivotal to such a bourgeois conception of socialism, is the bourgeois assessment of capitalism.’
  • 51) ‘It was only with the development of capitalism, the capitalist market and the bourgeois state that minority languages were actively repressed.’
  • 52) ‘At the end of 1968, a group of student rebels accused Li of being a ‘newly born bourgeois.’’
  • 53) ‘The play fails as tragedy not because Willy is a struggling bourgeois rather than a man of stature, but because he lacks the element of choice. He is a victim, not an anti-hero.’
  • 54) ‘The rise of relativism, and its inevitable corollary, nihilism, represents the triumph of the bourgeois.’
  • 55) ‘Do this at the Opera House and the bourgeois in the front row would be shifting uncomfortably in their seats I'll wager.’
  • 56) ‘My first weekend off in a month, and I'm with Eton and the English bourgeois.’
  • 57) ‘Nobles and bourgeois depended on extra-economic coercion to appropriate this mass of resources controlled by common subjects.’
  • 58) ‘Until the mid-seventeenth century, bourgeois and nobles in many regions used the local tongue among themselves, and even wrote literary works in them.’
  • 59) ‘Just as nobles and bourgeois were defined by their lifestyle, so too were workers, with the common economic feature that they all worked with their hands.’
  • 60) ‘Far from being typical of the Swiss bourgeois his enemies have described, his ideas were highly innovative and far ahead of his time.’
  • 61) ‘A State Council served as the consulting body, comprised mainly of Neapolitan nobles and bourgeois.’
  • 62) ‘While nobles and bourgeois owned most of the land, peasants were left in control of it.’
  • 63) ‘It was a philosophy for the public sphere as well as a statement of the contemporary bourgeois.’
  • 64) ‘My dreams differed from those of the common bourgeois.’
  • 65) ‘In its completely developed form this family exists only among the bourgeois.’
  • 66) ‘In a phrase, he did not want to be a Communist so much as he wanted not to be a bourgeois.’
  • 67) ‘All the same, many bourgeois wore thick shoes, carried umbrellas, and tried to look as much like their own concierges as they could.’
  • 68) ‘The typical bourgeois of the middle years of the century was too busy making money to be bothered with politics.’
  • 69) ‘It attracted to its ranks many local bourgeois.’
  • 70) ‘It's in your hands now, you hip intellectual bourgeois!’
  • 71) ‘By 1931 the uneasiness had extended to many conservative bourgeois who viewed the radicalism of the new movement with apprehension.’

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