diagnosis vs prognosis

diagnosis prognosis

Definitions

  • 1) medicine The identification of the nature and cause of an illness.
  • 2) The identification of the nature and cause of something (of any nature).
  • 3) taxonomy A written description of a species or other taxon serving to distinguish that species from all others. Especially, a description written in Latin and published.
  • 4) The opinion derived from such an evaluation.
  • 5) The conclusion reached by such analysis.
  • 6) The act or process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of a disease or injury through evaluation of patient history, examination, and review of laboratory data.
  • 7) Biology A brief description of the distinguishing characteristics of an organism, as for taxonomic classification.
  • 8) A critical analysis of the nature of something.
  • 9) Scientific determination of any kind; the concise description of characterization of a species.
  • 10) Critical perception or scrutiny; judgment based on such scrutiny; esp., perception of, or judgment concerning, motives and character.
  • 11) Hence, the act or process of identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon, especially the abnormal behavior of an animal or artifactual device.
  • 12) (Med.) The art or act of recognizing the presence of disease from its signs or symptoms, and deciding as to its character; also, the decision arrived at.
  • 13) (Med.) the determination of the distinguishing characteristics as between two similar diseases or conditions.
  • 14) identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • 15) Scientific discrimination of any kind; a short distinctive description, as of a plant.
  • 16) As regards the precipitins, these bodies are formed as the result of immunization of animals with albuminous substances derived from individuals of a different species. When the resultant antiserums are then brought together with solutions of the albumins used in immunization, precipitates result. This phenomenon has been notably investigated by Tchistowitsch, Bordet and Wolf, Wassermann, and Uhlenhuth, and the underlying principle utilized in forensic blood-diagnosis. To this end the material in question (stains on clothes, wood, weapons, etc.) is first examined for the presence of blood by the usual methods (hemin test, spectroscopic behavior, etc.). If the presence of blood has thus been demonstrated, the question whether it is of human origin or not is next investigated by mixing a filtered solution of the material under examination with a small amount of blood-serum obtained from a ‘humanized’ rabbit, that is, a rabbit in which precipitin formation has been previously provoked by repeated injections of human blood-serum (hydrocele fluid). The mixture is kept in an incubator, at the temperature of the body, for a number of hours and is then examined. If a precipitate results, the blood-stains are presumbly human. The differentiation of animals of closely related species is, however, not possible in this manner, and the blood of a humanized rabbit will thus not only precipitate the serum of the human being, but like wise that of the anthropoid apes. In this manner the close relationship existing between different, species can be demonstrated, a fact which renders the precipitins of signal interest also to the biologist. See also agglutination test.

Definitions

  • 1) medicine A forecast of the future course of a disease or disorder, based on medical knowledge.
  • 2) A forecast of the future course, or outcome, of a situation; a prediction.
  • 3) A forecast or prediction.
  • 4) The likelihood of recovery from a disease.
  • 5) A prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease.
  • 6) (Med.) The act or art of foretelling the course and termination of a disease; also, the outlook afforded by this act of judgment.
  • 7) a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
  • 8) A forecast of the probable course and termination of a case of disease; also, what is thus forecast.
  • 9) A foreknowing of the course of events; forecast.

Examples

  • 1) They would also get that diagnosis sooner.
  • 2) So the true diagnosis may only become apparent over time.
  • 3) This is also a major barrier for the early diagnosis of mouth cancer.
  • 4) Proper psychiatric diagnosis needs rather more than this.
  • 5) Four years ago she received a cancer diagnosis, but continued to climb.
  • 6) The charity says that men's reluctance to seek diagnosis and treatment is a major factor.
  • 7) To get a definite diagnosis, your mum will need a more detailed assessment.
  • 8) About a quarter of patients only receive a diagnosis when symptoms are so bad that they go to A&E.
  • 9) Waiting times for treatment in emergency departments, for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and for surgery are lengthening.
  • 10) Your doctor can confirm this diagnosis and arrange suitable treatment.
  • 11) Yet getting a diagnosis can be as exhausting as the condition itself.
  • 12) My early diagnosis meant my prognosis was good.
  • 13) They have been given the wrong diagnosis or had inconclusive tests.
  • 14) These are not likely to be a problem of diagnosis or treatment.
  • 15) They are likely to receive a diagnosis that carries strong negative connotations.
  • 16) This makes diagnosis much more difficult in the younger age group.
  • 17) This is less serious but see a doc pronto to confirm the diagnosis and get treatment.
  • 18) When people have a diagnosis they can get practical care and they can plan for the future.
  • 19) Early diagnosis is vital for the treatment of some cancers.
  • 20) So we might get the diagnosis wrong.
  • 21) That is obviously going to be valuable when we look towards diagnosis and treatment.
  • 22) Life before the diagnosis was extremely difficult.
  • 23) We need a clear diagnosis of the problems we face and the courage to deal with them decisively.
  • 24) Patients with earlier diagnosis may appear to survive longer, because of the earlier countdown.
  • 25) Essentially, faster testing and diagnosis mean many patients can be speedily patched up and sent home.
  • 26) It was during filming that the 56-year-old received his diagnosis.
  • 27) When facing a cancer diagnosis, you may want to opt for all the help you can get.
  • 28) The eye may appear completely normal on examination and the diagnosis can only be confirmed using a blood test and a biopsy of the artery.
  • 29) Further tests confirmed the diagnosis.
  • 30) But the understanding a diagnosis brings and the support it can help you access can make all the difference in the long-term.
  • 31) Band 1 includes an examination, diagnosis and advice.
  • 32) YOU may like an independent panel telling you that your wait for your pain diagnosis is 3-5 months.
  • 33) The precision in diagnosis is greatly improved, and entirely new possibilities for therapy have been opened up via the hybridoma technique.
  • 34) It is an absolute fact that some of the best shots I ever made were where neither I, nor any living man, could make what we term the diagnosis -- that is, name the disease.
  • 35) Butt said that "diagnosis" is "questioned by those practising psychiatry ... (and) often is defined by persons who have neither training in nor experience with aberrant behaviour."
  • 36) Finding out about this kind of diagnosis is overwhelming.
  • 37) These young doctors are particularly strong, as I understand, on what they call diagnosis, -- an excellent branch of the healing art, full of satisfaction to the curious practitioner, who likes to give the right Latin name to one's complaint; not quite so satisfactory to the patient, as it is not so very much pleasanter to be bitten by a dog with a collar round his neck telling you that he is called Snap or Teaser, than by a dog without
  • 38) On Athos the diagnosis is even more radical: the Western churches, in trying to humanize God, make him disappear.
  • 39) All summer he has been in and out of the hospital and chemotherapy. so all he wanted was to go fishing, but he did not have the time because he was so ill from the treatment and exhausted. his diagnosis is terminal. i just want to give him a day he will never forget while he is still able to enjoy. we live in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • 40) ‘Many researchers have reported discrepancies between MRI diagnoses and diagnoses made during arthroscopic examination.’
  • 41) ‘The technique could eventually provide the basis for computerized medical diagnoses performed in the physician's office, they add.’
  • 42) ‘There an assessment nurse diagnosed an acute attack of rheumatoid arthritis and confirmed the diagnoses with blood tests for rheumatoid factor and ESR levels.’
  • 43) ‘More people than ever in Britain are surviving cancer thanks largely to changes in lifestyle, screening services, earlier diagnoses, and prompt treatments, the latest figures have shown.’
  • 44) ‘Isotope bone scan or MRI should be performed to make an early, definitive diagnosis.’
  • 45) ‘Each patient also demonstrated significant bronchodilator responsiveness, and two patients received an initial diagnosis of asthma.’
  • 46) ‘The symptoms of heart failure can mimic those of many other conditions, sometimes making accurate diagnosis difficult.’
  • 47) ‘Where possible, we confirmed the prenatal diagnosis by checking the results of chromosome analysis performed after delivery.’
  • 48) ‘Over one half of the pregnancies occurred within two years of initial breast cancer diagnosis.’
  • 49) ‘To establish the correct diagnosis may involve a combination of conventional and complementary techniques.’
  • 50) ‘In fact, heart failure is the most common hospital discharge diagnosis for patients over 65 years.’
  • 51) ‘Immunohistochemistry revealed the epithelial nature of the cells and excluded a diagnosis of lymphoma.’
  • 52) ‘The reliability of medical staff involved in the diagnosis of pneumonia was not investigated.’
  • 53) ‘Accurate and timely diagnosis of acute appendicitis is essential to minimize morbidity.’
  • 54) ‘Early in the nineteenth century, diagnosis depended on a patient's recitation of symptoms.’
  • 55) ‘The average physician requires an hour to make the initial ADHD diagnosis.’
  • 56) ‘Obviously, identification of the primary site is helpful in establishing the correct diagnosis.’
  • 57) ‘Specimens collected during invasive speculum examination have long been necessary for the conventional laboratory diagnosis of vaginal discharge diseases.’
  • 58) ‘For this reason, criteria have been established for the diagnosis of certain disorders.’
  • 59) ‘Preparing a diagnosis on the basis of such uncertain data is clearly nonsense.’

Examples

  • 1) The life expectancy of a sufferer is around 13, though some are given a sunnier prognosis.
  • 2) The doctor said the prognosis was very poor.
  • 3) The prognosis is not good where there has been previous union conflict or mistrust.
  • 4) Her father had been diagnosed with cancer and the prognosis was bad.
  • 5) Due to the extent of the damage are unable to give a definite prognosis at this stage.
  • 6) The initial prognosis was that he would need between three and four weeks to recover.
  • 7) The prognosis in his early years was less optimistic but he proved us all wrong.
  • 8) Yet she and other politicians prefer not to dwell on the gloomy prognosis.
  • 9) At the beginning of their working relationship the prognosis was poor.
  • 10) My stomach has shrunk and my prognosis is good.
  • 11) The initial prognosis often proves to be the correct one.
  • 12) Yet all this might be too gloomy a prognosis.
  • 13) My early diagnosis meant my prognosis was good.
  • 14) The initial prognosis for his back injury is an absence of four to six weeks.
  • 15) Doctors should offer patients an opportunity to talk about their prognosis and give information about what might happen.
  • 16) The gloomy prognosis comes amid fears of a surge in unemployment as businesses look to rein in their costs.
  • 17) Dad now has cancer and the prognosis isn't looking good.
  • 18) Although the hue would change, the early prognosis was rosy.
  • 19) The precise cause was unknown, making it difficult for her doctors to give a prognosis.
  • 20) It was recognized that the prognosis was poor, and that the range of effective treatments was limited.
  • 21) I live in hope that its long-term prognosis is terminal.
  • 22) Under plans, doctors and nurses would be trained in how to approach a patient 's prognosis.
  • 23) But the figures confirm the poor prognosis of lung cancer, survivors of which account for just three percent of all cancer patients alive after ten years.
  • 24) At that point, inevitably, you find yourself doing an audit on the past and making a prognosis for the future.
  • 25) Surgery was performed to insert a screw, and the prognosis is the man expected to replace Jarrett Brown will be out until nearly the start of the spring.
  • 26) Capital-L Life knows your long-term prognosis is death, so all it gives a rat's ass about is next week.
  • 27) She responded well, but she is uncertain whether the absence of Doxil will affect her long-term prognosis.
  • 28) I am relieved to read that your prognosis is good. this must be a terrible stress for yourself and family to go through.
  • 29) The prognosis is that I'll be able to walk and run and ride a bicycle and play golf [again] ....
  • 30) This may not be a good thing for this evening's long term prognosis.
  • 31) While commodity costs, including currency exchange fluctuations, are seen up in "mid-single digit" percentage terms this fiscal year, compared with a 15% hike last year, Mr. Huet said the volatile environment makes it hard to give a clear long-term prognosis.
  • 32) However, in the face of the three long-term structural factors I've identified above — the increasing importance of primaries, continuing redistricting, and the increasing costs of electoral campaigns — it is difficult to be optimistic about the long-term prognosis for American politics.
  • 33) They caught the cancer early and my prognosis is great.
  • 34) ‘He suffered many medical complications and his prognosis was poor.’
  • 35) ‘Follow up is needed to see if the children's poor prognosis is improved and criminality prevented.’
  • 36) ‘Once clinical cardiovascular disease develops, these patients have a poorer prognosis than normoglycemic patients.’
  • 37) ‘Despite the availability of valid chemotherapeutic regimens, the prognosis remains poor.’
  • 38) ‘The prognosis is poor for patients treated with surgery or radiation therapy alone.’
  • 39) ‘The development of malignant pleural effusion frequently heralds a poor prognosis.’
  • 40) ‘Advanced liver failure carries a poor prognosis, and its prevalence may be reflected by mortality statistics in the form of death certifications for liver disease.’
  • 41) ‘We previously reported that young patients had relatively more advanced disease and a poorer prognosis than older patients.’
  • 42) ‘The presence of spinal cord lesions or atrophy also suggests a poor prognosis.’
  • 43) ‘Low-grade central osteosarcoma has a very good longterm prognosis.’
  • 44) ‘According to the doctors, her longterm prognosis is not good.’
  • 45) ‘Syncope is a relatively common problem with a favorable prognosis in most patients.’
  • 46) ‘Microarray analysis is already being used to predict the prognosis of patients with certain types of cancer.’
  • 47) ‘By reducing stress, it might improve the prognosis of the disease.’
  • 48) ‘Tests for autoantibodies can be used to assist in determining the prognosis of this disease.’
  • 49) ‘Early intervention is important because the long term prognosis depends on the duration of medication overuse.’
  • 50) ‘Ventricular tachycardia carries a serious adverse prognosis, particularly in the presence of coronary artery disease and impaired ventricular function.’
  • 51) ‘The factors that determine prognosis and evolution of the disease are poorly understood.’
  • 52) ‘The prognosis depends on the cause and the severity of the neurologic deficit.’
  • 53) ‘Complications, including spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and renal insufficiency, further worsen the prognosis.’
  • 54) ‘These questions are required to be answered with a medical opinion and a prognosis taking into account the plaintiff's injuries and the degree of his recovery.’
  • 55) ‘This makes diagnosis and prognosis based on genetic abnormalities difficult for most malignancies.’
  • 56) ‘Generating an accurate prognosis is a difficult task under the best of conditions.’
  • 57) ‘Her parents could not accept the medical diagnosis and prognosis.’
  • 58) ‘Traditionally, physicians have estimated prognosis using their clinical experience.’
  • 59) ‘They seem not to appreciate that patients may want to be given as accurate a prognosis as possible despite knowing that effective treatment may not be available if more widespread disease is diagnosed.’
  • 60) ‘Any mole that is suggestive of melanoma requires an excisional biopsy, primarily because prognosis and treatment are based on tumor thickness.’
  • 61) ‘We would be left with only anecdotal information on which to base prognosis and treatment for many common cancers and we would know much less about many common diseases.’
  • 62) ‘Treatment plans and prognosis also are based on the tumor's stage or extent of growth.’
  • 63) ‘Therefore, prognosis is often based on a presumptive or theoretical argument and/or past clinical experience.’
  • 64) ‘Accurate diagnosis of EES is important for establishing a prognosis and treatment planning.’
  • 65) ‘Accurate diagnosis is crucial for obtaining an accurate prognosis as well as assigning appropriate treatment for the disease.’
  • 66) ‘Finally, providing an accurate prognosis to a patient is crucial in deciding how aggressive a treatment should be used.’
  • 67) ‘It is very difficult for me to give an accurate prognosis.’
  • 68) ‘These conditions must be differentiated early to provide the patient with optimal treatment and accurate prognosis.’
  • 69) ‘A biopsy was done and the initial prognosis was optimistic.’
  • 70) ‘One-third of patients will develop renal failure, which is associated with the worst prognosis for survival.’
  • 71) ‘If a concussion is managed appropriately, the prognosis for complete recovery is good.’
  • 72) ‘The doctors' prognosis has been supported by her recent competition results.’
  • 73) ‘The difference between chance and forecast cases is only a difference of degree, but in the latter case the medical prognosis is more likely to be correct.’
  • 74) ‘With so many matches being lost to flooding and the prognosis that the situation is likely to get worse in the short term, one answer to the problem of suitable venues for matches might be to use canals.’
  • 75) ‘The good news is that while a gloomy prognosis for European manufacturing is unfolding, we are by no means in the initial stages of a stagflationary impulse.’
  • 76) ‘The gloomy prognosis makes some sense because office rents and vacancies are traditionally trailing indicators of the broader economy.’
  • 77) ‘Given such gloomy prognoses, it's surprising how defiant and upbeat the small army of programmers working to bring alternative fare to their audiences seem to be.’
  • 78) ‘At the NCB event RBS stressed that it did not accept the gloomy prognosis for the Irish economy that is prevalent in the British media.’
  • 79) ‘Finally he pointed out that history provides a gloomy prognosis.’
  • 80) ‘It is difficult to imagine executives at the Daily Mail or the Sun delivering such a gloomy prognosis - or setting such unambitious targets.’
  • 81) ‘He gave the Cabinet a deeply gloomy prognosis about the effects of prolonged conflict on an already stuttering world economy.’
  • 82) ‘This isn't the first time Medicare has been given a gloomy prognosis.’
  • 83) ‘This rather gloomy prognosis has not been entirely repudiated by critics.’
  • 84) ‘They require highly skilled workforces and have a good longterm prognosis.’
  • 85) ‘Data collected from twenty-seven countries in the region project a gloomy prognosis.’
  • 86) ‘Markets remained skittish and nervous, always ready to believe the latest scare story or gloomy prognosis.’
  • 87) ‘To date, there is also little evidence to support this more grim prognosis.’
  • 88) ‘The report emphasizes that the pessimistic prognoses of some critics that the initiatives would damage competitiveness have been dashed.’
  • 89) ‘The Commonwealth will not collapse today, and the prognosis, based on Vermont's experience, is good.’
  • 90) ‘Of course prognoses of the future of religion are based on what you imagine to be true religion.’
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